Coluber Linnaeus 1758 (racer)

Reptilia - Squamata - Colubridae

Synonyms: Bascanion Baird and Girard 1853, Nanus Bachmayer and Szyndlar 1985

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Parent taxon: Colubrinae according to D. Parmley and J. A. Holman 1995

See also Bachmayer and Szyndlar 1985, Bachmayer and Szyndlar 1987, Behler and King 1979, Carroll 1988, Cernansky et al. 2015, Cope 1875, Gilmore 1938, Hay 1902, Holman 1985, Kotsakis 1977, Parmley and Hunter 2010 and Szyndlar 1987

Sister taxa: Ameiseophis, Arizona, Coronella, Dakotaophis, Drymarchon, Drymobius, Elaphe, Ficimia, Floridaophis, Lampropeltis, Liochlorophis, Macroprotodon, Masticophis, Miocoluber, Nebraskophis, Opheodrys, Oxybelis, Paracoluber, Phyllorhynchus, Pituophis, Salvadora, Stilosoma, Telescopus, Texasophis, Zelceophis

Subtaxa: Coluber acuminatus Coluber beggiatoi Coluber cadurci Coluber caspioides Coluber constrictor Coluber dolnicensis Coluber etruriae Coluber hungaricus Coluber lafonti Coluber merkurensis Coluber ombonii Coluber planicarinatus Coluber robertmertensi Coluber steinheimensis Coluber suevicus Coluber viridiflavus

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Type: Coluber constrictor

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of France (6 collections), Georgia (1), Greece (1), Italy (7), Spain (1), United States (34: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)

• Blancan of United States (9: Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of France (1)

• Pliocene of Austria (2), France (1), Hungary (2), Italy (1), Morocco (1), Poland (3), Slovakia (1)

• MN 13 of Hungary (1)

• Hemphillian of United States (3: Indiana, Nevada, Oklahoma)

• Miocene of Austria (2), the Czech Republic (2), France (4), Germany (8), Hungary (8), Poland (1), Portugal (1), the Russian Federation (2), Spain (2), Ukraine (1), United States (1: Nebraska)

• Oligocene of France (11)

Total: 118 collections including 141 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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