Elaphe Wagler 1833 (colubrid snake)

Reptilia - Squamata - Colubridae

Alternative spelling: Elaphis

Synonym: Palaeoelaphe Gilmore 1938

Parent taxon: Colubrinae according to D. Parmley and K. B. Hunter 2010

See also Bachmayer and Szyndlar 1985, Bachmayer and Szyndlar 1987, Behler and King 1979, Brattstrom 1967, Carroll 1988, Holman 1985, Lydekker 1888, Parmley and Holman 1995 and Szyndlar 1985

Sister taxa: Ameiseophis, Arizona, Coluber, Coronella, Dakotaophis, Drymarchon, Drymobius, Ficimia, Floridaophis, Lampropeltis, Liochlorophis, Macroprotodon, Masticophis, Miocoluber, Nebraskophis, Opheodrys, Oxybelis, Paracoluber, Phyllorhynchus, Pituophis, Salvadora, Stilosoma, Telescopus, Texasophis, Zelceophis

Subtaxa: Elaphe algorensis Elaphe guttata Elaphe kansensis Elaphe kohfidischi Elaphe kormosi Elaphe longissima Elaphe nebraskensis Elaphe obsoleta Elaphe paralongissima Elaphe praelongissima Elaphe quatuorlineata Elaphe szyndlari Elaphe vulpina Elaphis boulei

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Croatia (1 collection), France (5), Georgia (1), Germany (5), Greece (5), Poland (12), the United Kingdom (3), United States (29: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Missouri, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)

• Blancan of United States (12: Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, Washington)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of France (1)

• Pliocene of Austria (1), France (2), Greece (1), Hungary (4), Japan (1), Moldova (1), Poland (6), Slovakia (1), Ukraine (2)

• MN 13 of Hungary (1)

• Hemphillian of United States (7: Indiana, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma)

• Miocene of Austria (2), Canada (1: Saskatchewan), the Czech Republic (1), France (2), Germany (1), Hungary (7), Spain (1), Ukraine (2), United States (14: Florida, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, Texas)

Total: 132 collections including 156 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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