Subfamily Lutrinae Baird 1857 (otter)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Mustelidae

Parent taxon: Mustelidae according to X. Wang et al. 2018

See also Berta and Morgan 1985, Bjork 1970, Boessenecker 2018, Cherin et al. 2016, Crusafont-Pairo and Golpe 1962, Hendey 1974, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Larivière 1998, Malatesta 1978, Marmi et al. 2004, Morales and Pickford 2005, Muizon 1982, Pickford 2007, Prevosti and Ferrero 2008, Robles et al. 2010, Salesa et al. 2013, Scheffer and Rice 1963, Werdelin and Peigne 2010 and Willemsen 1983

Sister taxa: Acheronictis, Ailurictis, Anatolictis, Aonyx, Arikarictis, Brevimalictis, Circamustela, Djourabus, Erokomellivora, Franconictis, Galictinae, Grisoninae, Guloninae, Hadrictis, Ictonychini, Ictonyx, Kenyalutra, Kinometaxia, Laphyctis, Leptarctinae, Luogale, Lutrina, Marcetia, Martinae, Matanomictis, Melidellavus, Melinae, Mellalictis, Mellivorinae, Melogale, Mephitina, Mesomephitis, Miomustela, Mustelavinae, Mustelictis, Mustelina, Mustelinae, Mustellinae, Mydaus, Namibictis, Negodiaetictis, Neovison, Oligobuninae, Palaeomeles, Paragale, Parataxidea, Perunium, Plesictis, Plesiogale, Plesiomeles, Poecilictis, Poecilogale, Potamotheriinae, Prepoecilogale, Presictis, Promellivora, Promephitis, Proputorius, Protarctos, Puijila, Pyctis, Sabadellictis, Semantor, Sinictis, Sivalictis, Sivaonyx, Taxidiinae, Taxodon, Torolutra, Trochotherium, Vishnuonyx, Viverrina, Xenictis

Subtaxa: Aonychini Aonyxini Enhydra Enhydrini Enhydriodontini Lontra Lutra Lutraeximia Pteronura Siamogale Teruelictis

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Ecology: scansorial carnivore-omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (2 collections), Austria (1), Belgium (1), Brazil (4), China (3), the Congo-Kinshasa (2), Ecuador (1), France (4), Georgia (1), Germany (4), Hungary (1), Israel (2), Italy (5), Kenya (1), Mexico (1), Morocco (1), the Netherlands (1), Panama (1), Peru (1), the Russian Federation (2), Rwanda (1), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (7), United States (52: Alaska, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, New Mexico, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia)

• Blancan of United States (3: California, Florida, Idaho)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Bulgaria (1), Kenya (1), the United Kingdom (1)

• Pliocene of Chad (1), China (1), Egypt (1), Ethiopia (6), France (2), Hungary (2), India (1), Kenya (3), Morocco (2), Pakistan (1), the Russian Federation (1), Slovakia (1), South Africa (3), Spain (2), Uganda (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (2: Idaho)

• Hemphillian of United States (1: Nebraska)

• Baodean of China (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Ethiopia (1), South Africa (2)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Kenya (1)

• Miocene of Chad (1), China (3), Egypt (1), Greece (1), Italy (2), Kenya (2), Pakistan (2), Spain (2), Turkey (1)

Total: 158 collections including 173 occurrences

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