Subfamily Mellivorinae Gray 1865 (ratel)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Mustelidae

Parent taxon: Mustelidae according to C. Muizon 1982

See also Bjork 1970, Bryant 1968, Edwards 1976, Ginsburg 1977, Hendey 1974 and Kurten and Anderson 1980

Sister taxa: Acheronictis, Ailurictis, Anatolictis, Aonyx, Arikarictis, Brevimalictis, Circamustela, Djourabus, Erokomellivora, Franconictis, Galictinae, Grisoninae, Guloninae, Hadrictis, Ictonychini, Ictonyx, Kenyalutra, Kinometaxia, Laphyctis, Leptarctinae, Luogale, Lutrina, Lutrinae, Marcetia, Martinae, Matanomictis, Melidellavus, Melinae, Mellalictis, Melogale, Mephitina, Mesomephitis, Miomustela, Mustelavinae, Mustelictis, Mustelina, Mustelinae, Mustellinae, Mydaus, Namibictis, Negodiaetictis, Neovison, Oligobuninae, Palaeomeles, Paragale, Parataxidea, Perunium, Plesictis, Plesiogale, Plesiomeles, Poecilictis, Poecilogale, Potamotheriinae, Prepoecilogale, Presictis, Promellivora, Promephitis, Proputorius, Protarctos, Puijila, Pyctis, Sabadellictis, Semantor, Sinictis, Sivalictis, Sivaonyx, Taxidiinae, Taxodon, Torolutra, Trochotherium, Vishnuonyx, Viverrina, Xenictis

Subtaxa: Ekorus Eomellivora Hoplictis Mellivora

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Ecology: scansorial carnivore-omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Kenya (5 collections), Morocco (3), South Africa (22), Sudan (1), Swaziland (1), Tanzania (1), Zambia (1)

• Pliocene of Morocco (1), South Africa (3), Tanzania (2)

• Hemphillian of United States (2: Texas)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Ethiopia (1), Kenya (1), South Africa (2)

• Miocene of China (2), Greece (1), India (1), Kenya (1), Slovakia (1), Spain (1), Ukraine (1), United States (4: California, Florida, Washington)

Total: 58 collections including 60 occurrences

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