†subfamily Mustelinae Fischer 1817 (mustelid carnivore)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Mustelidae

Parent taxon: Mustelidae according to J. Marmi et al. 2004

See also Baryshnikov 2009, Baskin 1998, Bjork 1970, Ginsburg 1977, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Muizon 1982, Presley 2000 and Tseng et al. 2009

Sister taxa: Acheronictis, Ailurictis, Anatolictis, Aonyx, Arikarictis, Brevimalictis, Circamustela, Djourabus, Erokomellivora, Franconictis, Galictinae, Grisoninae, Guloninae, Hadrictis, Ictonychini, Ictonyx, Kenyalutra, Kinometaxia, Laphyctis, Leptarctinae, Luogale, Lutrina, Lutrinae, Marcetia, Martinae, Matanomictis, Melidellavus, Melinae, Mellalictis, Mellivorinae, Melogale, Mephitina, Mesomephitis, Miomustela, Mustelavinae, Mustelictis, Mustelina, Mustellinae, Mydaus, Namibictis, Negodiaetictis, Neovison, Oligobuninae, Palaeomeles, Paragale, Parataxidea, Perunium, Plesictis, Plesiogale, Plesiomeles, Poecilictis, Poecilogale, Potamotheriinae, Prepoecilogale, Presictis, Promellivora, Promephitis, Proputorius, Protarctos, Puijila, Pyctis, Sabadellictis, Semantor, Sinictis, Sivalictis, Sivaonyx, Taxidiinae, Taxodon, Torolutra, Trochotherium, Vishnuonyx, Viverrina, Xenictis

Subtaxa: Dinogale Eira Legionarictis Martes Mustela Mustelini Tisisthenes Vormela

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Ecology: scansorial carnivore-omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Austria (1 collection), Belgium (1), Brazil (2), Canada (4: Alberta, Yukon), China (4), the Czech Republic (2), France (5), Georgia (3), Germany (10), Greece (5), Hungary (15), Israel (1), Italy (8), Japan (3), Mexico (2), Monaco (1), the Netherlands (1), Panama (1), Peru (1), Romania (9), the Russian Federation (2), Spain (3), the United Kingdom (4), United States (61: Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wyoming), Venezuela (1)

• Blancan of United States (14: Arizona, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, Texas, Washington)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of France (1), Hungary (2), Italy (1)

• Pliocene of Armenia (1), Canada (1: Northwest Territories), China (1), Hungary (4), Moldova (1), Poland (2), Ukraine (2)

• Hemphillian of United States (9: Arizona, Nebraska, Oregon, Texas)

• Miocene of China (7), France (7), Germany (2), Greece (2), Hungary (1), Kazakhstan (1), Moldova (3), Morocco (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Spain (1), Thailand (1), United States (18: California, Florida, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oregon, South Dakota)

Total: 235 collections including 330 occurrences

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