Family Cardiniidae Zittel 1881 (clam)

Bivalvia - Carditida - Cardiniidae

Parent taxon: Crassatelloidea according to J. G. Carter et al. 2011

See also Bieler and Mikkelsen 2006, Dockery 1982, Nevesskaja 2009, Scholz et al. 2008 and Vokes 1980

Sister taxa: Aenigmoconchidae, Astartidae, Carditidae, Condylocardiidae, Crassatellidae, Hippopodiidae, Myophoricardiidae, Terraia

Subtaxa: Arctocardinia Cardinia Cypricardinia Minepharus Pseudastarte Tellidorella Torastarte

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Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Pliocene of Italy (1 collection), Panama (2)

• Miocene of Panama (3)

• Oligocene of United States (1: Mississippi)

• Jurassic of Argentina (2), Belgium (1), Canada (9: British Columbia, Yukon), Chile (32), China (4), France (5), Germany (12), Greenland (61), Hong Kong (1), Hungary (1), Israel (1), Italy (5), Japan (1), Luxembourg (2), Mexico (2), New Zealand (1), Portugal (1), Slovakia (2), Spain (14), Tajikistan (2), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (10), United States (4: Alaska, Nevada, Oregon)

• Triassic to Jurassic of the United Kingdom (1)

• Triassic of Austria (25), Canada (2: British Columbia), China (4), France (6), Italy (1), Japan (7), New Caledonia (5), New Zealand (2), the Russian Federation (16), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), the United Kingdom (3), United States (4: California, Nevada)

• Permian of China (1), Greenland (2), Mongolia (1), Peru (1), the Russian Federation (15), United States (3: Alaska, Texas)

• Namurian of Australia (1)

• Osagean of United States (2: Indiana, Tennessee)

• Carboniferous of Antarctica (1), Argentina (1), Australia (2), Canada (1: Alberta), United States (37: Arkansas, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Nevada, New mexico, Tennessee)

• Devonian to Carboniferous of the United Kingdom (3)

• Devonian of Australia (9), Canada (3: Alberta, Manitoba), China (1), Colombia (13), the Czech Republic (1), France (1), Germany (1), Italy (1), Kazakhstan (1), Morocco (2), New Zealand (2), Poland (2), the Russian Federation (1), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (90: Alaska, Indiana, Maryland, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania), Venezuela (1)

• Silurian of Australia (1), China (1), the Czech Republic (1), Poland (1), Sweden (6), the United Kingdom (5), United States (9: Indiana, New York, Tennessee, Wisconsin)

• Ordovician of China (3), Sweden (2), the United Kingdom (1)

• Arenig of China (3)

Total: 493 collections including 565 occurrences

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