†family Pyramispongiidae Kozur and Mostler 1978 (radiolarian)

Protozoa - Spumellaria - Pyramispongiidae

Parent taxon: Spumellaria according to P. De Wever et al. 2001

Sister taxa: Acaeniotylidae, Acanthopyle, Adiyamanium, Allocyrtium, Amphicyclia, Amphisphaera, Amphistylus, Anakrusidae, Angulobracchiidae, Antygoporidae, Archaeospongoprunidae, Artiscus, Astractura, Astrococcus, Astrocyclia, Astromma, Astrosestrum, Astrosphaeridae, Beatricea, Bernoulliidae, Bipylospongia, Bolenidae, Callosphaera, Caltrop, Cannartidium, Cannartiscus, Cannartus, Capnuchosphaeridae, Caspiaza, Caucasicus, Cavaspongiidae, Cenodiscaella, Cenolarcopyle, Coccodiscidae, Coccolarcus, Conocaryommidae, Conosphaera, Cromyodruppocarpus, Cromyostaurolonche, Cryptolarancium, Cubotholonium, Cyrtiphaeronemium, Dactyliosphaeridae, Devoniglansus, Dicoccura, Dictyastrum, Didactylum, Diplactura, Distriactis, Domuzdagiidae, Doryconthidium, Dorydictyum, Dorydiscus, Dorydruppa, Dorylonchidium, Doryphacus, Doryplegma, Dorysphaera, Druppastylus, Druppocarpus, Druppula, Echinomma, Ellipsidium, Ellipsostylus, Emiluviidae, Entactiniacae, Entapiidae, Fontinella, Foremanella, Formanhelena, Franklinia, Futobari, Glomeropyle, Hagiastridae, Halidictyum, Haliomma, Haplopolus, Haplotaeniatumidae, Heliocladus, Heliodiscidae, Heliosoma, Heterosestrum, Hexacladus, Hexacromyum, Hexadoras, Hexaloncharium, Hexaporobrachiidae, Hexapylomellidae, Hexastylarium, Hymenactura, Kalimnasphaera, Kreyzstella, Labyrinthia, Lampasa, Larcidium, Larnacalpis, Larnacantha, Larnacillidae, Leugeonidae, Liosphaera, Lithapium, Lithatractus, Melittosphaera, Mendacastridae, Miropylidae, Natraglia, Ommatocampe, Ommatodiscus, Ommatospyris, Orbiculiformidae, Orbiculopylorum, Orosphaeridae, Orostaurs, Palaeotetraphyle, Pantanelliidae, Parabeothuka, Parasaturnalidae, Paratriassoastridae, Paratriassoastrum, Parvivaccidae, Patulibracchiidae, Pentactinocapus, Pentactura, Pentalastrum, Pentasphaera, Phacotriactis, Phantum, Phorticum, Phyletripes, Pipetta, Pipettaria, Plegmosphaera, Plussatispila, Praeconocaryommidae, Primaritripus, Prunocarpus, Pseudoacanthocircidae, Pseudoacanthosphaera, Pseudoaulophacidae, Pseudosaturnalis, Pyloniacea, Pyloniidae, Quasibeothuka, Rhodosphaera, Rhopalodictyum, Saturnaliacea, Schizodiscus, Sethodiscinus, Sethostaurus, Spironium, Spongasteriscus, Spongiomma, Spongoacanthus, Spongobrachium, Spongocoelia, Spongodiscacea, Spongodiscidae, Spongolonche, Spongopalliidae, Spongophacus, Spongosphaeradiscus, Sponguracea, Sponguridae, Srakaeosphaera, Stauracontium, Staurancistra, Staurococcura, Staurocromyum, Staurocyclia, Staurodictya, Staurodoras, Stauroplegma, Staurostylus, Stomatodiscus, Streblacantha, Stylosphaeridae, Stylostaurus, Styptosphaera, Suttoniidae, Tauridastrum, Tetrapylonium, Tetrarectangulum, Tetrasphaera, Tetriastrum, Thalassicola, Theodiscus, Tholomura, Tholoniidae, Tipperella, Trigonocyclia, Triplococcus, Tripodictya, Tritrabidae, Trochodiscus, Veghicycliidae, Vinassaspongus, Vitorfidae, Xiphodictya, Xiphostaurus, Xiphostylidae, Zadrappolus, Zhuangodiscus, Zonodiscus

Subtaxa: Copiconulus Ellipsocopicyntra Katorella Kulacella Paurinella Pyramispongia Rikivatella Tetrapaurinella Yujingella

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Type: Pyramispongia

Ecology: passively mobile planktonic omnivore

Distribution:

• Cretaceous of Austria (5 collections), Canada (1: Nunavut), Germany (3), Italy (6), Japan (9), Oman (14), Turkey (2), United States (3: California)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of Austria (1), Germany (1)

• Jurassic of Antarctica (4), Austria (3), Germany (6), Italy (5), Oman (2), Switzerland (1)

• Triassic of Albania (2), Austria (1), China (9), Cyprus (2), Hungary (1), Indonesia (4), New Zealand (1), the Russian Federation (1), Slovenia (4), Thailand (26), Turkey (17)

• Permian of China (13), Japan (9)

Total: 156 collections including 245 occurrences

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