Orbicella Dana 1846 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Merulinidae

Parent taxon: Merulinidae according to D. Huang et al. 2014

See also Wells 1956

Sister taxa: Astrea, Australogyra, Boninastrea, Coelastrea, Cyphastrea, Dipsastraea, Echinopora, Erythrastrea, Favites, Goniastrea, Hydnophora, Leptoria, Merulina, Mycedium, Oulophyllia, Paraclavarina, Paraleptoria, Paramontastraea, Parastrea, Pectinia, Platygyra, Scapophyllia, Trachyphyllia

Subtaxa: Orbicella annularis Orbicella benoisti Orbicella boehmi Orbicella faveolata Orbicella franksi Orbicella praeheliopora

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Ecology: stationary intermediate-level epifaunal photosymbiotic-suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Antigua and Barbuda (1 collection), the Bahamas (32), Barbados (38), Belize (7), Cayman Islands (44), Colombia (23), Djibouti (1), the Dominican Republic (11), Eritrea (1), Guadeloupe (2), Haiti (10), Jamaica (10), Japan (3), Mexico (2), the Netherlands Antilles (45), Panama (23), Puerto Rico (1), Turks and Caicos Islands (1), United States (26: Florida), Venezuela (1), Virgin Islands (13)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Bahamas (1), Indonesia (1), Jamaica (1)

• Pliocene of Haiti (3), Indonesia (6), the Netherlands Antilles (7), Taiwan (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Malaysia (1)

• Neogene of Christmas Island (1)

• Miocene of Australia (1), Haiti (1), Indonesia (2), Iran (1), Japan (1), Panama (7), Turkey (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of United States (2: Florida)

• Eocene of Indonesia (1)

Total: 335 collections including 415 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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