Hydnophora Fischer de Waldheim 1807 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Merulinidae

Synonyms: Angeliphyllia Barta-Calmus 1973, Hydnophoraraea Oppenheim 1930, Hydnophorare Oppenheim 1930, Hydnophorarea Oppenheim 1930, Michelottiphyllia Barta-Calmus 1973

Parent taxon: Merulinidae according to D. Huang et al. 2014

See also Baron-Szabo 2006, Bosellini 1999, Kiessling 2003, Kiessling 2008, Sepkoski 2002, Veron 2000 and Wells 1956

Sister taxa: Astrea, Australogyra, Boninastrea, Coelastrea, Cyphastrea, Dipsastraea, Echinopora, Erythrastrea, Favites, Goniastrea, Leptoria, Merulina, Mycedium, Orbicella, Oulophyllia, Paraclavarina, Paraleptoria, Paramontastraea, Parastrea, Pectinia, Platygyra, Scapophyllia, Trachyphyllia

Subtaxa: Hydnophora ackermanni Hydnophora affinis Hydnophora astraeoides Hydnophora cristatoseriata Hydnophora exesa Hydnophora ferryi Hydnophora grandis Hydnophora infundibulum Hydnophora microconos Hydnophora oppenheimi Hydnophora pilosa Hydnophora provincialis Hydnophora pulchra Hydnophora rudis Hydnophora solidior Hydnophora styriaca Hydnophora tenella Hydnophora variabilis

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Ecology: stationary intermediate-level epifaunal photosymbiotic-suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (19 collections), Djibouti (1), Egypt (3), Eritrea (1), Fiji (1), Guam (1), Indonesia (1), Japan (10), Kenya (6), New Caledonia (2), New Zealand (1), Pakistan (3), Papua New Guinea (10), Saudi Arabia (1), the Seychelles (3), Sudan (1), Taiwan (1)

• Pliocene of Indonesia (3), Japan (2), Papua New Guinea (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Indonesia (1), Malaysia (1)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Indonesia (1)

• Miocene of Cyprus (1), Fiji (1), France (1), Indonesia (4), Iran (7), Jamaica (1), Pakistan (1), Papua New Guinea (2), Somalia (2), Sri Lanka (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Indonesia (1), Somalia (1)

• Oligocene of Costa Rica (1), Greece (2), India (1), Iran (2), Italy (3), Jamaica (1), Libya (1), Puerto Rico (2), Somalia (2), Spain (1)

• Eocene of Guadeloupe (1), Jamaica (1), Pakistan (1)

• Cretaceous of Austria (2), Bulgaria (2), the Czech Republic (2), Germany (3), Greece (1), Pakistan (1), Romania (1), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Slovakia (1), Slovenia (2), Spain (1), United States (1: Texas)

Total: 134 collections including 151 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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