Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Paraceratheriidae

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Paraceratheriidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1923Paraceratheriidae Osborn
1973Forstercooperia jigniensis Sahni and Khare
1974Forstercooperia ergiliinensis Gabunia and Dashzeveg
2007Paraceratheriidae Qiu and Wang
2016Paraceratheriidae Wang et al.

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
orderPerissodactyla()
Tapiromorpha(Haeckel 1873)
Ceratomorpha(Wood 1937)
superfamilyRhinocerotoidea
familyParaceratheriidaeOsborn 1923
familyParaceratheriidaeOsborn 1923

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingsubo
Diet: browsersubo
Created: 2005-08-31 15:03:12
Modified: 2005-08-31 17:03:12
Source: subo = suborder, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Colbert and Schoch 1998, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Early/Lower Eocene to the top of the Burdigalian or 55.80000 to 15.97000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 48.6 Ma

Collections (85 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6China (Nei Mongol) Forstercooperia huhebulakensis (174920) Pappaceras meiomenus (176542)
Irdinmanhan48.6 - 37.2China (Nei Mongol) Urtinotherium intermedium (72183) Urtinotherium intermedium, Pappaceras confluens (72184)
Irdinmanhan48.6 - 37.2Kazakhstan Forstercooperia minuta (53657)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Inner Mongolia) Cooperia totadentata, Forstercooperia ulanshirehensis (178831)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Nei Mongol) Indricotheriidae indet. (28790) Indricotheriidae indet., Urtinotherium incisivum (28789) Juxia sharamurenense (28786)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Guangxi) Forstercooperia sp. (190963 190964)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2Mongolia Forstercooperia ulanshirehensis (127656 194389)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Beijing) Imequincisoria sp. (174745)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Yunnan) Indricotherium parvum (36668)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Shanxi) Juxia sharamurenense (175227)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Henan) Forstercooperia sp. (46193) Imequincisoria sp., Pappaceras sp., Imequincisoria mazhuangensis, Imequincisoria micracis (180777)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Pakistan (North-West Frontier) Forstercooperia jigniensis (28978)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3India Forstercooperia jigniensis (93701)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Bulgaria Prohyracodon meridionale (103932)
Houldjinian37.2 - 33.9China (Nei Mongol) Baluchitherium sp. (72147)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9China (Guangxi) Guixia sp. (175822)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9China (Nei Mongol) Aralotherium sp. (182574) Dzungariotherium erdenensis, Juxia shoui (176018) Indricotheriidae indet. (28780) Paraceratherium grangeri (180942) Urtinotherium parvus (174752) Urtinotherium parvus, Juxia shoui (174914)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Thailand Guixia simplex (49078)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Mongolia (Dornogov) Forstercooperia sp., Forstercooperia ergiliinensis (176016) Indricotheriinae indet., Indricotherium parvum (174716)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9India (Jammu and Kashmir) Juxia sharamurenense (180527)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9China (Yunnan) Indricotheriinae indet., Indricotherium intermedium (182894) Indricotherium qujingensis (182882) Indricotherium sp. (182580 182892)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9China (Xinjiang) Indricotheriinae indet. (174976 174977)
Ulangochuian37.2 - 33.9China (Nei Mongol) Urtinotherium intermedium (73810)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4China (Nei Mongol) Paraceratheriinae indet. (175814) Paraceratherium lepidum, Dzungariotherium turfanensis (175255) Paraceratherium sp., Turpanotherium sp. (175386) Paraceratherium transouralicum, Paraceratherium grangeri (176066)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4China (Gansu) Paraceratherium sp. (182883 182884 182899)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Mongolia Baluchitherium grangeri (53979)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4China (Ningxia) Paraceratheriinae indet. (182887)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Pakistan Baluchitherium bugtiense, Baluchitherium osborni (77785)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Kazakhstan Paraceratherium sp. (64415)
MP 2533.9 - 23.03Spain (Cuenca) Paraceratherium albigense (184097)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03Pakistan Thaumastotherium osborni, Paraceratherium bugtiense (128387)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03Bulgaria Indricotherium transouralicum (193755)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Pakistan (Baluchistan) Indricotheriinae indet. (180575) Paraceratherium bugtiense (78362)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Mongolia Benaratherium sp., Paraceratherium sp. 1 (181061)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03China (Gansu) Dzungariotherium orgosensis (182885) Indricotherium sp. (175388) Paraceratherium yagouense, Dzungariotherium orgosense (71433)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03China (Nei Mongol) Baluchitherium sp. (73807)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Kazakhstan (Kustanay) Indricotherium transouralicum, Indricotherium asiaticum (73999)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03China (Xinjiang) Dzungariotherium orgosensis (182568) Indricotherium grangeri (182891) Paraceratherium lepidum, Dzungariotherium turfanensis, Turpanotherium elegans (182889) Paraceratherium lepidum, Turpanotherium elegans (182890) Paraceratherium lipidus, Dzungariotherium turfanensis, Turpanotherium elegans (182888) Paraceratherium sui (77943)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Kazakhstan (Aktyubinskaya) Indricotherium sp. (74001)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Turkey (Anatolia) Paraceratherium sp. (182500 183978)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Kazakhstan Aralotherium prohorvi (74900) Indricotherium sp. (74003 74899) Paraceratherium sp. (182747) Paraceratherium sp., Paraceratherium prohorovi (64413) Paraceratherium zhajremensis (182628)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Georgia Benaratherium callistrati (182744)
Late/Upper Oligocene - Burdigalian28.4 - 15.97China (Gansu) Dzungariotherium orgosense (42066)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44China (Xinjiang) Dzungariotherium sp. (42063)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Pakistan (Baluchistan) Indricotheriinae indet. (180594)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97China (Gansu) Turpanotherium elegans (175341 175342)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97China (Ningxia) Turpanotherium sp. (182886)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97China (Gansu) Indricotheriidae indet. (42065)