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Turnicidae (buttonquail)

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Turnicidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1840Turnicidae Gray
1985Turnicidae Olson
1988Turnicidae Carroll
1992Turnicidae Baird p. 26
2000Turnipacidae Mayr
2007Turnicidae Livezey and Zusi p. 92
2007Turnicidae Mayr and Knopf
2014Turnicidae del Hoyo et al.
2017Turnicidae Clements et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
RankNameAuthor
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
orderCharadriiformesHuxley 1867
familyTurnicidaeGray 1840
familyTurnicidaeGray 1840

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: marineo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2017-04-17 10:41:05
Modified: 2017-04-17 10:41:05
Source: subo = suborder, o = order
References: Benton 1983, Bush and Bambach 2015, Marsh 1875

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Rupelian to the top of the Holocene or 33.90000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 28.1 Ma

Collections (26 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Turnipax oechslerorum (68021)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117South Africa Turnix sp. (22333)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Australia (South Australia) Turnix sp. (136076) Turnix varia (28298)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Australia (South Australia) Turnix sp., Turnix varia (28364)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Japan Turnix suscitator (193440)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Australia (South Australia) Turnix varia, Turnix velox (181314) Turnix velox (136072)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara) Turnix sp. (68068 193383 193390)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Australia (Victoria) Turnix varia (194980)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117East Timor Turnix maculosus, Turnix sp. (204407)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0Madagascar Turnix nigricollis (195018)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Australia (Victoria) Turnix varia (138410)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Madagascar Turnix nigricollis (195020)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Australia (South Australia) Turnix sp. (194979)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Mauritius Turnix nigricollis (194027)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Madagascar (Toliara) Turnix nigricollis (92733)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0New Caledonia Turnix varia (13221 23115 193984 193985 193986 193987 193989)