Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) Seguenza 1863 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Caryophylliidae

Alternative spelling: Ceratocyathus

Parent taxon: Caryophyllia according to J. P. Chevalier 1961

See also Wells 1956 and Wienrich 1997

Sister taxa: Caryophillia quadrifida, Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus), Caryophyllia (Premocyathus), Caryophyllia aequalis, Caryophyllia alaskensis, Caryophyllia arnoldi, Caryophyllia blakeleyensis, Caryophyllia calcitrapa, Caryophyllia californica, Caryophyllia calveri, Caryophyllia capayensis, Caryophyllia charrieri, Caryophyllia cladaxis, Caryophyllia clavus, Caryophyllia comanchei, Caryophyllia constricta, Caryophyllia crassicosta, Caryophyllia dalli, Caryophyllia degenerans, Caryophyllia denaria, Caryophyllia dentonensis, Caryophyllia gracilis, Caryophyllia granulosa, Caryophyllia inops, Caryophyllia japonica, Caryophyllia konincki, Caryophyllia lamellifera, Caryophyllia leptaxis, Caryophyllia mcglameryae, Caryophyllia mediavia, Caryophyllia neglecta, Caryophyllia oregonensis, Caryophyllia paucipaliata, Caryophyllia pedroensis, Caryophyllia pentaradiata, Caryophyllia quadragintaseptae, Caryophyllia salinaria, Caryophyllia sarsiae, Caryophyllia sciolzensis, Caryophyllia scobinosa, Caryophyllia simplex, Caryophyllia sismondai, Caryophyllia smithii, Caryophyllia suevica, Caryophyllia texana, Caryophyllia truncata, Caryophyllia vermicularis, Caryophyllia woodmanensis, Caryophyllia wynoocheensis

Subtaxa: Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) cornucopia Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) minus Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) paucicosta Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) raricostatus Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) tortonensis Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) undulatus Ceratocyathus crassiseptus Ceratocyathus curvatus Ceratocyathus granulatus Ceratocyathus pressulus Ceratocyathus regregensis

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Ecology: stationary low-level epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Miocene to Pliocene of Indonesia (1 collection)

• Miocene of Belgium (1), Germany (7), Indonesia (2), Iran (1), Italy (3), Morocco (2), the Netherlands (4)

• Oligocene of Germany (3), Hungary (1), the Netherlands (3)

Total: 28 collections including 38 occurrences

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