Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Caryophylliidae

Alternative spellings: Acanthocyathus, Acanthocyatus

Parent taxon: Caryophyllia according to J. P. Chevalier 1961

See also Kosnik 2002, Sepkoski 2002 and Wells 1954

Sister taxa: Caryophillia quadrifida, Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus), Caryophyllia (Premocyathus), Caryophyllia aequalis, Caryophyllia alaskensis, Caryophyllia arnoldi, Caryophyllia blakeleyensis, Caryophyllia calcitrapa, Caryophyllia californica, Caryophyllia calveri, Caryophyllia capayensis, Caryophyllia charrieri, Caryophyllia cladaxis, Caryophyllia clavus, Caryophyllia comanchei, Caryophyllia constricta, Caryophyllia crassicosta, Caryophyllia dalli, Caryophyllia degenerans, Caryophyllia denaria, Caryophyllia dentonensis, Caryophyllia gracilis, Caryophyllia granulosa, Caryophyllia inops, Caryophyllia japonica, Caryophyllia konincki, Caryophyllia lamellifera, Caryophyllia leptaxis, Caryophyllia mcglameryae, Caryophyllia mediavia, Caryophyllia neglecta, Caryophyllia oregonensis, Caryophyllia paucipaliata, Caryophyllia pedroensis, Caryophyllia pentaradiata, Caryophyllia quadragintaseptae, Caryophyllia salinaria, Caryophyllia sarsiae, Caryophyllia sciolzensis, Caryophyllia scobinosa, Caryophyllia simplex, Caryophyllia sismondai, Caryophyllia smithii, Caryophyllia suevica, Caryophyllia texana, Caryophyllia truncata, Caryophyllia vermicularis, Caryophyllia woodmanensis, Caryophyllia wynoocheensis

Subtaxa: Acanthocyathus grayi Acanthocyathus spinosa Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) fernandesi Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) laterocristatus Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) transilvanicus Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) verrucosus Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) versicostatus

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Ecology: stationary low-level epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Indonesia (2 collections), Vanuatu (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Philippines (1)

• Pliocene of Indonesia (5), Japan (1)

• Miocene of Austria (2), Brazil (4), the Czech Republic (1), France (1), Indonesia (4), Italy (5), Morocco (2), Poland (4), Romania (2), Slovakia (2)

• Oligocene of France (2), Hungary (5)

• Cretaceous of Greenland (1)

Total: 45 collections including 55 occurrences

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