Order Carangiformes (ray-finned fish)

Actinopteri - Carangiformes

Parent taxon: Carangimorphariae according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Jordan 1963

Sister taxa: Centropomidae, Istiophoriformes, Menidae, Pleuronectiformes, Polynemidae, Sphyraenidae, Toxotidae

Subtaxa: Carangidae Coryphaenidae Echeneidae Lactariidae Nematistiidae Rachycentridae

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Ecology: nektonic omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Italy (3 collections), Japan (1), the Marshall Islands (2), United States (3: Florida, Louisiana)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1)

• Pliocene of Cyprus (1), Italy (3), United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of United States (1: Florida)

• Miocene of Algeria (3), Austria (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (3), Kazakhstan (1), Mexico (2), Panama (3), the Russian Federation (1), Ukraine (1), United States (6: California), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Georgia (1), the Russian Federation (1)

• Oligocene of Germany (2), Poland (1), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (1)

• Eocene of Italy (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (6: California, Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia)

• Paleocene of Denmark (2), Turkmenistan (1)

Total: 58 collections including 76 occurrences

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