Order Molpadiida Haeckel 1896 (sea cucumber)

Holothuroidea - Molpadiida

Full reference: E. Haeckel. 1896. Systematische Phylogenie der Echinodermen. Entwurf eines natürlichen Systems der Organismen auf Grund ihrer Stammesgeschichte. Theil 2. Wirbellose Thiere 348-504

Parent taxon: Holothuroidea according to A. M. Kerr and J. Kim 2001

See also Gilliland 1993, Haeckel 1896, Pawson 1966 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Acanthocaudina, Achistrulidae, Alexandritidae, Ancistrum, Apodacea, Apodida, Arthrochirota, Arthrochirotida, Aspidochirotacea, Aspidochirotida, Calcancorellidae, Canisiidae, Chiridotitidae, Conisia, Crucivirga, Cucumaria, Dactylochirotida, Dendrochirotacea, Dendrochirotida, Elasipodida, Etheridgellidae, Kaliobullitidae, Kozurellidae, Kuehnitidae, Laetmophasma, Leptosynapta, Ocellothuria, Palelpidiidae, Paractinopoda, Priscopedatidae, Protocaudinidae, Punctatitidae, Rotiformidae, Sclerothurites, Staurocumites, Stichopitidae, Synaptellidae, Tetravirga, Thyonidium, Triradites, Uniramosa

Subtaxa: Caudinidae Exlinellidae Gephyrothuriidae Molpadiidae

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Ecology: stationary semi-infaunal deposit feeder

Distribution:

• Oligocene of Germany (2 collections), Poland (2)

• Cretaceous of Germany (3)

• Jurassic of Egypt (2), France (1), Jordan (2)

• Triassic of Italy (2)

Total: 14 collections including 25 occurrences

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