Order Aspidochirotida Brandt 1835 (sea cucumber)

Holothuroidea - Aspidochirotida

Full reference: J. F. Brandt. 1835. Prodromus descriptionis animalium ab H. Mertensio in orbis terrarum circumnavigatione observatorum. Animalia Mertensii. Petropoli, Lipsiae 1:1-75

Parent taxon: Holothuroidea according to A. Boczarowski 2001

See also Brandt 1835, Frizzell and Exline 1966, Gilliland 1993, Kerr and Kim 2001, Pawson 1966 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Acanthocaudina, Achistrulidae, Alexandritidae, Ancistrum, Apodacea, Apodida, Arthrochirota, Arthrochirotida, Aspidochirotacea, Calcancorellidae, Canisiidae, Chiridotitidae, Conisia, Crucivirga, Cucumaria, Dactylochirotida, Dendrochirotacea, Dendrochirotida, Elasipodida, Etheridgellidae, Kaliobullitidae, Kozurellidae, Kuehnitidae, Laetmophasma, Molpadiida, Ocellothuria, Palelpidiidae, Priscopedatidae, Protocaudinidae, Punctatitidae, Rotiformidae, Sclerothurites, Staurocumites, Stichopitidae, Synaptellidae, Tetravirga, Thyonidium, Triradites, Uniramosa

Subtaxa: Bathysynactites Collbatothuria Holothuriidae Holothuropsis Ornaticannula Parvispina Stichopodidae Synallactidae

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Ecology: epifaunal deposit feeder-suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Cretaceous of Germany (2 collections)

• Jurassic of France (1)

• Triassic of Italy (1), Spain (2)

• Permian of United States (2: Kansas)

• Desmoinesian of United States (18: Oklahoma)

• Devonian of Poland (3)

• Ordovician of Sweden (1)

Total: 30 collections including 33 occurrences

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