Order Dendrochirotida Grube 1840 (sea cucumber)

Holothuroidea - Dendrochirotida

Full reference: A. E. Grube. 1840. Actinien, Echinodermen und Würmer des Adriatischen und Mittelmeers. JH Bon, Königsberg 1-92

Parent taxon: Holothuroidea according to A. Boczarowski 2001

See also Frizzell and Exline 1966, Gilliland 1992, Gilliland 1993, Kerr and Kim 2001, Pawson 1966 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Acanthocaudina, Achistrulidae, Alexandritidae, Ancistrum, Apodacea, Apodida, Arthrochirota, Arthrochirotida, Aspidochirotacea, Aspidochirotida, Calcancorellidae, Canisiidae, Chiridotitidae, Conisia, Crucivirga, Cucumaria, Dactylochirotida, Dendrochirotacea, Elasipodida, Etheridgellidae, Kaliobullitidae, Kozurellidae, Kuehnitidae, Laetmophasma, Molpadiida, Ocellothuria, Palelpidiidae, Priscopedatidae, Protocaudinidae, Punctatitidae, Rotiformidae, Sclerothurites, Staurocumites, Stichopitidae, Synaptellidae, Tetravirga, Thyonidium, Triradites, Uniramosa

Subtaxa: Andenothyone Binoculites Calclamnidae Cucumariidae Heterothyonidae Phyllophoridae Priscoligula Priscopedatoides Pseudostaurocumites Psolidae Schlumbergeritidae Sclerodactylidae

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder-detritivore

Distribution:

• Miocene of Poland (1 collection)

• Oligocene of Germany (3), Poland (1)

• Eocene of France (1)

• Cretaceous of France (1), Germany (1), Jordan (2), Mexico (1)

• Jurassic of Austria (1), Egypt (4), France (5), Germany (1), India (4), Poland (21), the United Kingdom (4)

• Triassic of Australia (1), Austria (10), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), China (1), France (1), Germany (2), Hungary (3), Iran (1), Italy (9), Poland (1), Slovakia (7), Slovenia (2), Spain (2), Turkey (2)

• Permian of Germany (1), Iran (1), Italy (1), United States (1: Texas)

• Virgilian of United States (1: Nebraska)

• Carboniferous of United States (15: Arizona, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Montana, New Mexico)

• Mississippian of Afghanistan (1)

• Devonian of Argentina (1), Germany (1), Poland (26), United States (1: Iowa)

• Ordovician of Sweden (1), United States (4: Minnesota, Oklahoma, illinois)

Total: 149 collections including 303 occurrences

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