Gopherus Rafinesque 1832 (gopher tortoise)

Reptilia - Testudines - Pantestudinidae

Synonyms: Bysmachelys Johnston 1937, Scaptochelys Bramble 1982, Xerobates Agassiz 1857

Parent taxon: Testudinidae according to E. Vlachos 2018

See also Anquetin et al. 2009, Auffenberg 1971, Bramble 1982, Carroll 1988, de la Fuente et al. 2014, Frank and Ramus 1996, Galbreath 1953, Hutchison 1992, Hutchison 1996, Joyce et al. 2004, Reynoso and Montellano-Ballesteros 2004 and Wall and Maddox 1998

Sister taxa: Achilemys, Agrionemys, Aldabrachelys, Anhuichelys, Astrochelys, Cachuga, Caryoderma, Centrochelys, Cheirogaster, Chelone, Chelonoidis, Chelys patagonica, Chersina, Cylindraspis, Damonia, Dipsochelys, Emys sombrerensis, Ergilemys, Eurotestudo, Floridemys, Floridemys hurdi, Fontainechelon, Geochelone, Geochelone (Chelonoidis), Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) equicomes, Gigantochersina, Gopherus praecedens, Hesperotestudo, Homopus, Impregnochelys, Indotestudo, Juvemys, Kansuchelys, Kinixys, Malacochersus, Manouria, Megalochelys, Mesochersus, Miotestudo, Namibchersus, Nicoria, Palaeoemys, Paleotestudo, Pelorochelon, Psammobates, Pyxis, Sinohadrianus, Stigmochelys, Stylemys, Stylemys calaverensis, Taraschelon, Testudininae, Testudininei, Testudinites sellovii, Testudo, Testudo annae, Testudo atascosae, Testudo castrensis, Testudo cultrata, Testudo exornata, Testudo formosa, Testudo francisi, Testudo hayi, Testudo klettiana, Testudo laticaudata, Testudo louisekressmani, Testudo luciae, Testudo ocalana, Testudo paranensis, Testudo peragrans, Testudo quadratus, Testudo undata, Titanochelon

Subtaxa: Gopherus (Gopherus) Gopherus (Oligopherus) Gopherus agassizii Gopherus auffenbergi Gopherus berlandieri Gopherus brevisternus Gopherus depressus Gopherus donlaloi Gopherus edae Gopherus flavomarginatus Gopherus hexagonatus Gopherus laticuneus Gopherus mohavensis Gopherus polyphemus Testudo milleri

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Type: Testudo polyphemus

Ecology: ground dwelling herbivore-herbivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Mexico (4 collections), United States (43: California, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, South Carolina, Texas)

• Blancan of United States (5: Florida, Texas)

• Pliocene of United States (2: Texas)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (1), United States (1: Oklahoma)

• Miocene of United States (9: California, Colorado, Wyoming)

• Harrisonian of United States (1: Nebraska)

• Arikareean of United States (1: Wyoming)

• Oligocene of United States (4: Nebraska, Wyoming)

• Eocene to Oligocene of United States (1: Nebraska)

• Eocene of United States (4: Colorado, Nebraska)

Total: 76 collections including 78 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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