Caulastrea Dana 1846 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Merulinidae

Alternative spelling: Caulastraea

Synonym: Dasyphyllia Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848

Parent taxon: Merulinidae according to D. Huang et al. 2014

See also Kosnik 2002, Sepkoski 2002, Veron 2000 and Wells 1956

Sister taxa: Astrea, Australogyra, Boninastrea, Coelastrea, Cyphastrea, Dipsastraea, Echinopora, Erythrastrea, Favites, Goniastrea, Hydnophora, Leptoria, Merulina, Mycedium, Orbicella, Oulophyllia, Paraclavarina, Paraleptoria, Paramontastraea, Parastrea, Pectinia, Platygyra, Scapophyllia, Trachyphyllia

Subtaxa: Caulastraea geoffreyi Caulastraea tournoueri Caulastrea brevicaulis Caulastrea connata Caulastrea deformis Caulastrea farsis Caulastrea furcata Caulastrea fusinieri Caulastrea leptoclada Caulastrea matheroni Caulastrea portoricensis Caulastrea pseudoflabellum Caulastrea tumida

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Ecology: stationary intermediate-level epifaunal photosymbiotic-suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (1 collection), Costa Rica (8), Jamaica (1), Japan (5), the Netherlands Antilles (2), Pakistan (2), Panama (11), Sudan (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Costa Rica (8), Indonesia (1), Jamaica (1)

• Pliocene of the Bahamas (5), Costa Rica (9), the Dominican Republic (4), Indonesia (1), Jamaica (1), the Netherlands Antilles (4)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (1: Puerto Rico)

• Miocene of Austria (1), Egypt (3), Fiji (1), France (7), Indonesia (4), Iran (4), Jamaica (1), Pakistan (1), Panama (6), Trinidad and Tobago (5), Turkey (3)

• Oligocene of Antigua and Barbuda (1), France (2), Greece (3), Iran (2), Italy (13), Jamaica (1), Puerto Rico (2), Saudi Arabia (1), Slovenia (4)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Greece (1)

• Eocene of Germany (1), Hungary (3), Indonesia (1), Italy (4), Jamaica (1), Pakistan (2), Slovenia (1), Spain (2)

• Paleocene of Egypt (1)

Total: 148 collections including 159 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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