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Bivalvia - Arcida - Arcidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1809Arcidae Lamarck
1904Arcidae Glenn p. 385
1931Arcidae Olsson p. 38
1934Arcidae Isberg
1945Arcidae Gardner p. 51
1957Arcidae Rivera p. 190
1958Arcidae DuBar p. 153
1965Arcidae Newell p. 17
1979Barbatiidae Scarlato and Starobogatov
1980Arcidae Vokes p. 11
1982Arcidae Dockery p. 29
1983Arcidae Gliozzi and Malatesta p. 88
1987Arcidae Squires p. 55
1987Arcidae Ward and Blackwelder p. 129
1988Arcidae Squires p. 17
1992Arcidae Maxwell p. 60
1992Arcidae Ward p. 53
2000Arcidae Coan et al. p. 127
2001Arcidae Todd
2004Arcidae Spencer et al.
2006Arcidae Bieler and Mikkelsen p. 228
2006Arcidae El Qot p. 22
2006Arcidae Rosenberg et al.
2009Arcidae Nevesskaja
2010Arcidae Bouchet et al.
2011Arcidae Carter et al. p. 7

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EubilateriaAx 1987
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassPteriomorphia(Beurlen 1944)
OstreomorphiFerussac 1822
ArcioniGray 1854
orderArcida(Stoliczka 1871)
superfamilyArcoidea(Lamarck 1809)
familyArcidaeLamarck 1809
familyArcidaeLamarck 1809

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitef
Entire body: yesf
Adult length: 10 to < 100f
Adult width: 10 to < 100f
Adult height: 10 to < 100f
Thickness: intermediatef
Folds: minorf
Ribbing: majorf
Spines: nonef
Internal reinforcement: nonef
Ontogeny: accretionf
Environment: lagoonal, coastal, inner shelf, outer shelf, oceanic, brackish, freshwaterf
Locomotion: facultatively mobilef
Attached: yesf
Life habit: epifaunalf
Diet: suspension feederf
Vision: limitedf
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: mostly EP, mostly SE, mostly BA, SU according to Todd (2001).f
Created: 2008-11-18 16:46:55
Modified: 2010-02-18 01:07:43
Source: f = family
Reference: Mikkelsen and Bieler 2008

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Wordian to the top of the Holocene or 268.80000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 265.1 Ma

Collections (3153 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Wordian268.8 - 265.1Italy Arca douvillei, Arca salomonensis (108672)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany (Hessen) Arca triasina (38545)
Middle Triassic247.2 - 237.0Germany (Saxony-Anhalt) Arca triasina, Arca socialis (201970)
Fassanian242.0 - 235.0Croatia Barbatia sp. (174766)
Fassanian242.0 - 235.0Israel Arcidae indet. (72306)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Italy (Trentino) Arca tirolensis (44953)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3Germany Arca bavarica (202142)
Julian235.0 - 232.0Italy Arca lata, Arca nuda (137429) Cucullaea formosissima (144634)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Peru Eonavicula inca (71784)
Angulata201.3 - 196.5France (Lorraine) Arca pulla (53947)
Early/Lower Hettangian201.3 - 196.5France Arca sp. (39215)
Planorbis201.3 - 196.5France Arca sp. (39382)
Early/Lower Jurassic201.3 - 174.1Mexico (Sonora) Arca sp. (39132)
Pliensbachian190.8 - 182.7United Kingdom (Gloucestershire) Cucullaea stricklandi (204121 204122)
Late/Upper Pliensbachian189.6 - 183.0United Kingdom (Gloucestershire) Barbatia sp. (204120)
Middle Toarcian182.0 - 175.6United Kingdom (Gloucestershire) Barbatia sp. (204110 204112)
Middle Toarcian - Early/Lower Aalenian182.0 - 171.6Iran Arca sp. (141254)
Early/Lower Aalenian - Late/Upper Aalenian175.6 - 171.6Iran Arca sp. (141261)
Middle Jurassic174.1 - 163.5United Kingdom (Gloucestershire) Barbatia pratti (204105)
Late/Upper Bajocian171.6 - 167.7USA (Wyoming) Barbatia sp. (167171)