Family Montastraeidae Yabe and Sugiyama 1941 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Montastraeidae

Parent taxon: Scleractinia according to D. Huang et al. 2014

Sister taxa: Adekoheastrea, Agathiphylliidae, Amphiastraeina, Anisastraea, Annotocyathus, Anomopora, Apelismilia, Aplocyathus, Archaeocoeniina, Archaeofungiina, Archaeolasmogyra, Astraeoina, Astrocoeniina, Aulastraeoporidae, Bavarosmilia, Budiopsis, Calameastolia, Carantophyllum, Carcicocaenia, Caryophylliina, Chorisastraea, Clausastraeopsis, Clonosmilia, Coelomeandra, Cyclastraeidae, Cyclindrocyathus, Cyclismilia, Cylindrosmilia, Cynaria, Decaheliocoenia, Dendrophylliina, Desmocoenia, Dichotomosmilia, Diploastraeidae, Diplothecangia, Distichophylliina, Ebocotrochus, Eburneotrochus, Eckastraea, Edwardsomeandra, Epitrochus, Etalloniopsis, Eugyriopsis, Euphyllidae, Eupsammidae, Eusmiliopsis, Fasciatiphyllia, Fasciseris, Faviina, Favitopsis, Fungiina, Furcophyllia, Gallitellia, Gombertiphyllia, Haplareidae, Hedeliastraea, Heliostylina, Helladophyllia, Heterocoeniina, Houchangocyathus, Isastraeidae, Isphyllastrea, Karatchastraea, Kobycoenia, Lamellomeandra, Lepiconus, Lithodendron, Lupitschia, Mareastraea, Meandriina, Microsolenina, Miophora, Mioscapophyllia, Molukkia, Monticuliphyllia, Morchellastraea, Ondadiplocteniopsis, Pachysmilia, Pachythecaliina, Palaeophyllia, Palaeoseris, Palaeosmilia, Paracoryphyllia, Phylloseriopsis, Pleuropodia, Psammocyathus, Pyramisasteria, Reisocyathus, Reussiphyllia, Rhabdofavia, Rhipidogyrina, Rhopalophyllia, Saeptiphyllia, Sakalavastraeopsis, Saltastraea, Sclydolithus, Siderocoenia, Sinasteria, Siniastraea, Smilostyliidae, Solenocoeniidae, Streptocyathopsis, Streptocyathus, Stylinina, Stylophyllina, Thamnasteria cycloides, Thamnasteria komagataensis, Thamnasteria maxima, Thamnasteria protoserioides, Thamnasteria rikuzenica, Thamnasterites, Thecoseriopsis, Thigmastrea, Trachyphylliidae, Tropiastraea, Tropiastraeidae, Variabilifavia

Subtaxa: Montastraea

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Ecology: stationary intermediate-level epifaunal microcarnivore-photosymbiotic

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Antigua and Barbuda (1 collection), Australia (9), the Bahamas (34), Barbados (50), Belize (5), Bermuda (1), Cayman Islands (23), Colombia (38), Costa Rica (84), the Dominican Republic (10), French Polynesia (7), Guam (1), Haiti (2), India (2), Jamaica (7), Japan (12), Mexico (1), the Netherlands Antilles (54), New Caledonia (1), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Panama (19), Papua New Guinea (6), Pitcairn (2), Sudan (1), United States (12: Florida), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (3), Virgin Islands (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Bahamas (1), Costa Rica (13), Jamaica (1), the Philippines (1)

• Pliocene of the Bahamas (7), Costa Rica (21), Cuba (1), the Dominican Republic (23), Haiti (1), Indonesia (4), Jamaica (1), Japan (3), the Netherlands Antilles (9), United States (2: Florida)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (12), United States (1: Puerto Rico)

• Miocene of Anguilla (5), Austria (1), the Bahamas (1), Colombia (6), Cuba (1), Cyprus (1), the Dominican Republic (33), Egypt (7), Fiji (1), France (7), Grenada (3), Haiti (2), Indonesia (2), Iran (8), Italy (2), Jamaica (2), Japan (1), Mexico (5), the Netherlands Antilles (1), Panama (33), Poland (1), Portugal (1), Puerto Rico (2), Romania (1), Trinidad and Tobago (9), Turkey (5), Ukraine (1), United States (2: Florida), Venezuela (2)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Indonesia (1), United States (3: Florida)

• Oligocene of Antigua and Barbuda (2), the Dominican Republic (1), France (1), Greece (4), Haiti (3), Iran (1), Italy (32), Jamaica (1), Libya (1), Mexico (2), Puerto Rico (3), Somalia (2), Spain (2), Turkey (4), United States (3: Florida, Georgia, Texas), Venezuela (5)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Greece (1)

• Eocene of Austria (1), Croatia (2), France (1), Germany (2), Hungary (2), Indonesia (1), Italy (3), Jamaica (1), Mexico (2), Panama (1), Spain (1)

• Paleocene of Egypt (1), Spain (1)

• Cretaceous of Austria (3), Croatia (1), Cuba (1), the Czech Republic (1), Georgia (2), Greece (4), India (1), Japan (2), Mexico (3), the Netherlands (2), Slovakia (1), Slovenia (1), Spain (1), Switzerland (1), United States (9: New Mexico, Texas)

Total: 759 collections including 1052 occurrences

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