†suborder Astrocoeniina Vaughan and Wells 1943 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia

Parent taxon: Scleractinia according to R. Baron-Szabo 2006

See also Stanley 1986

Sister taxa: Adekoheastrea, Agathiphylliidae, Amphiastraeina, Anisastraea, Annotocyathus, Anomopora, Apelismilia, Aplocyathus, Archaeocoeniina, Archaeofungiina, Archaeolasmogyra, Astraeoina, Aulastraeoporidae, Bavarosmilia, Budiopsis, Calameastolia, Carantophyllum, Carcicocaenia, Caryophylliina, Chorisastraea, Clausastraeopsis, Clonosmilia, Coelomeandra, Cyclastraeidae, Cyclindrocyathus, Cyclismilia, Cylindrosmilia, Cynaria, Decaheliocoenia, Dendrophylliina, Desmocoenia, Dichotomosmilia, Diploastraeidae, Diplothecangia, Distichophylliina, Ebocotrochus, Eburneotrochus, Eckastraea, Edwardsomeandra, Epitrochus, Etalloniopsis, Eugyriopsis, Euphyllidae, Eupsammidae, Eusmiliopsis, Fasciatiphyllia, Fasciseris, Faviina, Favitopsis, Fungiina, Furcophyllia, Gallitellia, Gombertiphyllia, Haplareidae, Hedeliastraea, Heliostylina, Helladophyllia, Heterocoeniina, Houchangocyathus, Isastraeidae, Isphyllastrea, Karatchastraea, Kobycoenia, Lamellomeandra, Lepiconus, Lithodendron, Lupitschia, Mareastraea, Meandriina, Microsolenina, Miophora, Mioscapophyllia, Molukkia, Montastraeidae, Monticuliphyllia, Morchellastraea, Ondadiplocteniopsis, Pachysmilia, Pachythecaliina, Palaeophyllia, Palaeoseris, Palaeosmilia, Paracoryphyllia, Phylloseriopsis, Pleuropodia, Psammocyathus, Pyramisasteria, Reisocyathus, Reussiphyllia, Rhabdofavia, Rhipidogyrina, Rhopalophyllia, Saeptiphyllia, Sakalavastraeopsis, Saltastraea, Sclydolithus, Siderocoenia, Sinasteria, Siniastraea, Smilostyliidae, Solenocoeniidae, Streptocyathopsis, Streptocyathus, Stylinina, Stylophyllina, Thamnasteria cycloides, Thamnasteria komagataensis, Thamnasteria maxima, Thamnasteria protoserioides, Thamnasteria rikuzenica, Thamnasterites, Thecoseriopsis, Thigmastrea, Trachyphylliidae, Tropiastraea, Tropiastraeidae, Variabilifavia

Subtaxa: Acroporidae Actinastreidae Astrocoeniidae Pocilloporidae

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Ecology: stationary intermediate-level epifaunal microcarnivore-photosymbiotic

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Antigua and Barbuda (1 collection), Australia (96), the Bahamas (20), Barbados (72), Belize (10), Cayman Islands (25), Christmas Island (1), Colombia (25), Cook Islands (3), Costa Rica (64), Djibouti (2), the Dominican Republic (16), Egypt (44), Eritrea (1), Fiji (1), French Polynesia (42), Guadeloupe (3), Guam (2), Haiti (14), India (7), Indonesia (15), Iran (2), Israel (1), Jamaica (10), Japan (74), Kenya (43), Kiribati (1), Madagascar (2), Malaysia (1), Maldives (2), the Marshall Islands (1), Mauritius (5), Mayotte (2), Mexico (36), the Netherlands Antilles (57), New Caledonia (18), New Zealand (3), Niue (1), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Pakistan (4), Palau (4), Panama (39), Papua New Guinea (31), the Philippines (5), Pitcairn (3), Puerto Rico (1), Reunion (1), Samoa (1), Saudi Arabia (6), the Seychelles (9), Somalia (1), Sri Lanka (2), Sudan (1), Taiwan (7), Turks and Caicos Islands (1), Tuvalu (1), United States (25: Florida, Hawaii, Texas), Vanuatu (13), Venezuela (2), Virgin Islands (12)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Bahamas (1), Costa Rica (8), East Timor (1), Ecuador (1), Indonesia (10), Jamaica (1), the Philippines (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Taiwan (1), United States Minor Outlying Islands (1)

• Pliocene of the Bahamas (13), Costa Rica (19), Cuba (3), the Dominican Republic (17), French Polynesia (1), Haiti (4), Indonesia (31), Italy (1), Jamaica (2), Japan (3), the Netherlands Antilles (18), Niue (1), Papua New Guinea (1), United States (4: Florida, Hawaii)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chile (1), the Dominican Republic (3), Indonesia (10), Malaysia (1), United States (1: Puerto Rico)

• Neogene of Christmas Island (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Angola (1), Anguilla (4), Australia (3), the Bahamas (5), Brazil (2), Bulgaria (1), Colombia (6), Cyprus (1), the Dominican Republic (19), Egypt (7), Fiji (4), France (23), Germany (1), Grenada (8), Haiti (2), India (1), Indonesia (76), Iran (10), Israel (1), Italy (5), Jamaica (2), Japan (3), Libya (1), Madagascar (2), Malaysia (4), the Marshall Islands (11), Mexico (5), Morocco (1), the Netherlands Antilles (2), New Zealand (4), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (32), Papua New Guinea (5), Poland (2), Portugal (3), Puerto Rico (2), Romania (1), Somalia (11), Spain (4), Trinidad and Tobago (7), Turkey (1), United States (6: Florida, Hawaii, Maryland), Venezuela (2)

• Oligocene to Miocene of United States (2: Florida)

• Oligocene of Antigua and Barbuda (4), Costa Rica (1), Cuba (1), the Dominican Republic (3), France (5), Greece (5), Haiti (1), India (2), Indonesia (1), Iran (2), Italy (54), Jamaica (1), Libya (3), Malaysia (2), Mexico (2), Panama (2), Peru (1), Puerto Rico (4), Slovenia (7), Somalia (6), Spain (5), Turkey (4), United States (3: Florida, Georgia, Oregon), Venezuela (5)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Greece (1)

• Eocene to Miocene of the Marshall Islands (3)

• Eocene of Austria (1), Barbados (1), Bosnia and Herzegovina (3), China (1), Croatia (6), Cuba (1), the Czech Republic (4), France (11), Germany (2), Guadeloupe (1), Haiti (2), Hungary (8), India (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (4), Jamaica (7), Japan (1), the Marshall Islands (3), Mexico (5), New Zealand (1), Nicaragua (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (5), Papua New Guinea (1), Peru (3), Slovakia (1), Slovenia (3), Somalia (7), Spain (10), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (4), United States (19: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene of China (1), Egypt (3), France (1), India (1), Iran (1), Italy (2), the Netherlands (1), Nigeria (1), Pakistan (2), Puerto Rico (1), Slovenia (7), Somalia (1), Spain (1), Ukraine (1), United States (12: Alabama, California, Louisiana)

• Cretaceous of Austria (11), Azerbaijan (2), Bulgaria (10), Chile (1), China (8), Croatia (1), Cuba (1), the Czech Republic (10), France (13), Georgia (11), Germany (8), Greece (5), Hungary (1), Iran (2), Italy (1), Jamaica (11), Libya (1), Madagascar (4), Mexico (12), the Netherlands (7), Peru (1), Poland (6), Portugal (1), Romania (2), Saudi Arabia (2), Senegal (1), Serbia and Montenegro (6), Slovakia (1), Slovenia (2), Somalia (1), Spain (15), Switzerland (4), Tanzania (9), Turkey (1), Turkmenistan (6), Ukraine (3), the United Arab Emirates (2), the United Kingdom (1), United States (13: Arizona, Kansas, Texas), Uzbekistan (1), Venezuela (5)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of Japan (2)

• Jurassic of Argentina (5), Austria (2), Azerbaijan (5), Canada (4: British Columbia, Nova Scotia), Chile (11), China (2), Colombia (1), the Czech Republic (6), Ethiopia (21), France (30), Georgia (5), Germany (10), Greece (1), Greenland (1), India (2), Indonesia (1), Iran (6), Japan (3), Lebanon (1), Madagascar (3), Mexico (2), Morocco (6), Myanmar (1), Peru (1), Poland (5), Portugal (33), Romania (6), the Russian Federation (4), Saudi Arabia (8), Slovenia (4), Somalia (1), Spain (5), Switzerland (4), Tajikistan (1), Tanzania (3), Thailand (1), Tunisia (5), Turkmenistan (1), the United Kingdom (7), United States (3: California, Idaho, Oregon), Uzbekistan (2)

• Triassic of Australia (1), Austria (7), Canada (6: British Columbia, Yukon), Chile (1), Iran (3), Italy (15), Mexico (5), Peru (3), Slovakia (2), Slovenia (1), Tajikistan (6), United States (6: Alaska, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon)

Total: 2121 collections including 4752 occurrences

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