Class Demospongea Sollas 1875 (demosponge)

Demospongea

Alternative spellings: Demospongia, Demospongiae, Demospongiea

Parent taxon: Porifera according to R. M. Finks et al. 2004

See also Nielsen 2012, Sepkoski 2002 and Worheide et al. 2012

Sister taxa: Amorphofungia, Archaeocyatha, Archaeocyathidae, Calcarea, Caliculospongia, Clathrispongia, Codites, Coronacollina, Cotyliscus, Cribroscyphia, Cuneiphycus, Cupulochonia, Cyathophyscus, Cyclospongia, Dendrocoelia, Disjectoporidae, Drosdovia, Eocoryne, Eocyathispongia, Glenodictyum, Heteractinida, Hexactinellida, Holocoelia, Homoscleromorpha, Leiofungia, Limnorea, Limnoretheles, Matthewcyathus, Megalelasma, Microcoryne, Mussooriella, Nabaviella, Nostrocyathus, Oligoplagia, Palaeoierea, Phymoraphinia, Polyactinellidae, Psephidia, Sclerospongiae, Scyphia, Shitangspongia, Sinoflabrum, Solactiniella, Sparsispongia, Spirocyathidae, Stromatofungia, Stromatoporoidea, Thectardis, Tragos, Trammeria

Subtaxa: Aplysinofibra Axinellidae Ceractinomorpha Chaetetida Choristida Clavulina Coniculospongia Consinocodium Desmacellidae Dictyonellidae Epipolasida Ginkgospongia Guadalupiida Halichondriidae Haplosclerida Hemiasterellidae Heteroscleromorpha Ichnospongia Incrustospongia Infexiostella Janussenia Karatubulus Keratosa Lithistida Lovcenipora Metschnikowia Myxospongiae Offella Operculospongia Paraaplysinofibria Permosphincta Petrosina Poecilosclerida Polymastidae Protohyalostelia Protomonaxonida Raspailiidae Reniera Riasanospongia Scopalinidae Sphaeriella Spirastrellidae Spongillina Spongiopsammia Stelligeridae Suberitidae Tabasiidae Tabulospongida Tetractinellida Tetractinomorpha Timeidae Trachycladidae Trichospongia Verticillitida

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Ecology: stationary intermediate-level epifaunal suspension feeder

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