Phylum Porifera Grant 1836 (sponge)

Parent taxon: Metazoa according to S. M. Adl et al. 2005

See also Kiessling 2003 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Bilateria, Diploblastica, Homoblastica, Hyolithelminthida, Namalia, Vertebrosa, Westgardia, Siphonoconcha, Subtilicyathus, Limacites, Macrocypris kayi, Beltanelliformis, Megathrix, Kinzeriidae, Odontogriphidae, Euradiculata, Chenmengella, Parazoa, Muricassis, Protolyellia, Dictyorhabdus, Sentularia, Lazaichnus, Arboreomorpha, Evmiaksia, Khasaktidae, Bomakellia, Silicispongea, Rhizostomites, Inaria, Persimedusites, Lomosovis, Scenellopsis, Armillifera, Cnidaria, Eumetazoa, Yangtziramulus, Gephyrea, Triradialomorpha, Oligoopilionus, Hadrynichorde, Erniettomorpha, Deuteronectanebos, Convolutubus, Kimberellomorpha, Paracharnia, Nemiana, Xidazoon, Bilaterialomorpha, Kuckaraukia, Mesozoa, Parviscopa, Somatohelix, Bronicella, Ovatoscutum, Eodiorygma, Hiemalora, Petalonamae, Epitheliozoa, Problematica, Ventogyrus, Yelovichnus, Agmata, Tetraradialomorpha, Mawsonites, Spygoria, Lidaconus, Primocandelabrum, Trichoplax, Pseudovendia, Funisia, Tentaculitoidea, Nectocarididae, Rangeomorpha, Palaeacmaea, Silicea, Kullingia, Goettingenia, Chondroplon, Proarticulata, Pentaradialomorpha, Hadryniscala, Yunnanomedusa, Atalotaenia

Subtaxa: Alasonia Aphlebospongia Archaeocyatha Ausia Batchatocyathus Bicyathus Bortepesia Calcarea Clathrispongia Codites Coniatopenia Cornuaspongia Coronacollina Cotyliscus Cribricyatha Cribroscyphia Cuneiphycus Cupulochonia Cupulospongia Cyclospongia Demospongiae Diestosphecion Diplostomella Disjectoporidae Dulmius Dulmius innovatus Dyocopanon Eocoryne Eocyathispongia Floriana Glenodictyum Heteractinida Hexactinellida Holocoelia Homoscleromorpha Lamellispongia Limnoretheles Megalelasma Microcoryne Monotheles Nabaviella Nelumbosium Nelumbosium primum Oligoplagia Palaeophragmodictya Pharetronida Pilosphecion Plectinia Polyactinellidae Polycnemiseudea Psephidia Pulchrilaminida Puppispongia Puppispongia prostrema Radicispongia Rauffia Rugoconites Sclerospongiae Scribroporella Scyphia Shitangspongia Sinoflabrum Sparsispongia Sphinctozoa Spirocyathidae Stromatofungia Stromatoporoidea Taraxaculum Textispongia Thalamospongia Thectardis Toriscodermia Tragos Trammeria Tubispongia

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

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