Phylum Porifera Grant 1836 (sponge)

Parent taxon: Metazoa according to S. M. Adl et al. 2005

See also Kiessling 2003 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Bilateria, Diploblastica, Homoblastica, Hyolithelminthida, Vertebrosa, Westgardia, Placozoa, Triploblastica, Neuralia, Deuteronectanebos, Problematica, Trichoplax, Calcispongea, Tentaculitoidea, Lazaichnus, Siphonoconcha, Triradialomorpha, Rhizostomites, Bilateralomorpha, Muricassis, Mesozoa, Silicispongea, Epitheliozoa, Euradiculata, Namapoikia, Proarticulata, Rangeomorpha, Kimberellomorpha, Pentaradialomorpha, Yunnanomedusa, Petalonamae, Megathrix, Odontogriphidae, Silicea, Stellostomites, Subtilicyathus, Gephyrea, Parazoa, Goettingenia, Xidazoon, Cambrorhytium, Mawsonites, Spygoria, Oligoopilionus, Sentularia, Eodiorygma, Kullingia, Arboreomorpha, Vetulicolia, Protolyellia

Subtaxa: Amorphofungia Archaeocyatha Archaeocyathidae Calcarea Caliculospongia Clathrispongia Codites Coronacollina Cotyliscus Cribroscyphia Cuneiphycus Cupulochonia Cyathophyscus Cyclospongia Demospongea Dendrocoelia Disjectoporidae Drosdovia Eocoryne Eocyathispongia Glenodictyum Heteractinida Hexactinellida Holocoelia Homoscleromorpha Leiofungia Limnorea Limnoretheles Matthewcyathus Megalelasma Microcoryne Mussooriella Nabaviella Nostrocyathus Oligoplagia Palaeoierea Phymoraphinia Polyactinellidae Psephidia Sclerospongiae Scyphia Shitangspongia Sinoflabrum Solactiniella Sparsispongia Spirocyathidae Stromatofungia Stromatoporoidea Thectardis Tragos Trammeria

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

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