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Cetotheriinae

Mammalia - Ungulata - Cetotheriidae

Taxonomy
Cetotheriinae was named by Whitmore and Barnes (2008) [Whitmore and Barnes (2008) did not first name the subfamily Cetotheriinae, but they were the first to use it as a subfamily of Cetotheriidae].

It was assigned to Cetotheriidae by Whitmore and Kaltenbach (2008), Whitmore and Barnes (2008), Tarasenko and Lopatin (2012), Tarasenko (2014) and Goldin and Startsev (2017).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2008Cetotheriinae Whitmore and Barnes p. 143
2008Cetotheriinae Whitmore and Kaltenbach p. 242
2012Cetotheriinae Tarasenko and Lopatin p. 532
2014Cetotheriinae Tarasenko p. 551
2017Cetotheriinae Goldin and Startsev

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
orderUngulata(Linnaeus 1766)
orderArtiodactyla()
Cetacea()
Pelagiceti
Neoceti
suborderMysticeti
Chaeomysticeti()
familyCetotheriidae()
subfamilyCetotheriinae
subfamilyCetotheriinae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
P. Goldin and D. Startsev 2017Cetotheriids more closely related to Cetotherium than to Herpetocetus, and sharing the following synapomorphies: an anteroposteriorly long and dorsoven- trally high zygomatic process of the squamosal (also shared by Joumocetus and Otradnocetus) and apertures for the vestibular and cochlear aqueducts in a common deep recess on the periotic. Differ from Herpetocetinae in a proximal end of the premaxilla exposed on the skull surface in dorsal view, a transversely wide postglenoid process, an occipital shield extending to the level of the centre of temporal fossa or anterior to it, a high and moderately long posterior pro- cess of the tympanoperiotic with the slightly convex (rather than extremely short and ‘plug-like’) lateral surface exposed on the posterolateral wall of the skull, and a mandible with a high condyle and a short angular process. Most of mem- bers of Cetotheriinae show intensive pachyosteosclerosis of postcranial skeleton, and some of them also have pachyo- stotic mandibles.
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatitesubo
Form: roller-shapedo
Ontogeny: modification of partso
Environment: marinesubo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: aquaticsubo
Depth habitat: surfaceo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Diet 2: suspension feedersubo
Reproduction: viviparouso
Created: 2005-03-06 14:20:41
Modified: 2005-03-06 16:34:40
Source: subo = suborder, o = order
Reference: Uhen 2004

Age range: base of the Burdigalian to the top of the Calabrian or 20.44000 to 0.78100 Ma

Collections (44 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Neogene23.03 - 2.588Ukraine (Crimea) Mithridatocetus sp. (182320)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97France Cetotherium sp. (56562)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Austria Cetotherium sp. (65410)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97USA (California) Cetotherium furlongi (45496)
Burdigalian - Langhian20.44 - 13.82Spain (Tarragona) Cetotherium sp. (49680)
Burdigalian - Langhian20.44 - 13.82Spain Cetotherium sp. (49670 49678)
Burdigalian - Langhian20.44 - 13.82Spain (Saldonera) Cetotherium sp. (49672)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Maryland) Delphinapterus tyrannus (55396)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Netherlands Cetotherium sp. (192727)
Middle Miocene - Early/Lower Pleistocene15.97 - 0.781Netherlands Cetotherium sp. (189573)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Russian Federation (Dagestan) Cetotherium maicopicum, Cetotherium mayeri (49685)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Romania Cetotherium sp. (80361 80362)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62USA (Maryland) Cetotherium sp. (70843)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Ukraine (Dnepropetrovsk) Cetotherium sp. (60263)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Ukraine Cetotherium mayeri (183534)
Serravallian - Tortonian13.82 - 7.246Russian Federation (Adygea) Kurdalagonus mchedlidzei (134301)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Bosnia and Herzegovina Cetotherium rathkei (104804)
Sarmatian12.7 - 11.608Russian Federation Cetotherium maicopicum, Cetotherium mayeri (34741) Cetotherium mayeri (85312) Cetotherium sp. (73903)
Sarmatian12.7 - 11.608Ukraine (Crimea) Brandtocetus chongulek (152864 152869)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Ukraine Cetotherium rathkei, Cetotherium mayeri (88545) Cetotherium riabinini (52073) Mithridatocetus sp. (75089)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Russian Federation Cetotherium rathkii (152907)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (Maryland) Cetotherium megalophysum (70851 70852) Cetotherium parvum (55395)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Georgia Cetotherium mayeri (47622) Cetotherium sp. (73901)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Russian Federation (Adygea) Kurdalagonus maicopicus, Kurdalagonus adygeicus (134303)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Ukraine (Crimea) Cetotherium rathkii (85514)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Russian Federation (Adygea) Cetotherium sp. (166428)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Italy (Piacenza) Cetotherium capellinii (187600)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (North Carolina) Cetotheriinae indet. (52582)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588USA (Virginia) Cetotherium crassangulum (85158)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588USA (North Carolina) Eschrichtius polyporus (49983)
Zanclean - Piacenzian5.333 - 2.588Italy Cetotherium capellinii (59273)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Italy Cetotherium capellinii (84944 153708)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Azerbaijan Cetotherium sp. (59668)