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Bivalvia - Cardiida - Mactridae

  • Rangiidae was named by Fischer (1884). It is extant.

    It was synonymized subjectively with Mactridae by Bouchet et al. (2010).
  • Gnathodontidae was named by Neumayr (1884). It is extant.

    It was replaced with Rangiidae by Fischer (1884).
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1809Mactridae Lamarck
1884Rangiidae Fischer
1884Gnathodontidae Neumayr
1904Mactridae Glenn p. 285
1916Mactridae Packard p. 277
1931Mactridae Olsson p. 66
1937Mactridae Popenoe p. 397
1980Mactridae Vokes p. 134
1983Mactridae Gliozzi and Malatesta p. 98
1987Mactridae Squires p. 67
1987Mactridae Ward and Blackwelder p. 130
1992Mactridae Ward p. 93
2000Mactridae Coan et al. p. 259
2005Mactridae Rosenberg
2006Mactridae Rosenberg et al.
2009Mactridae Nevesskaja
2010Mactridae Bouchet et al.
2011Mactridae Carter et al. p. 16
2016Mactridae Signorelli and Carter p. 209 figs. Table 1

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EubilateriaAx 1987
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassHeteroconchia(Cox 1960)
CardiomorphiFerussac 1822
CardioniFerussac 1822
CardiidiaFerussac 1822
CardiataFerussac 1822
superorderCardiiformiiFerussac 1822
orderCardiidaFerussac 1822
suborderCardiidinaFerussac 1822
Veneroidei(Gray 1854)
VeneroiteiGray 1854
superfamilyMactroidea(Lamarck 1809)
familyMactridaeLamarck 1809
familyMactridaeLamarck 1809

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

E. L. Packard 1916Shell trigonal, equivalve ; posterior gape more or less evident umbones prosogyrate; hinge plate well-developed, subtrigonal in shape; ligament internal or external; chondophore excavated; a bifid A-shaped cardinal in the left valve fitting between the two arms of the cardinal of the right valve; posterior and anterior laminae well-developed ; accessory lamellae often present pallial line often sinuated; siphons united; epidermis present.