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Titanosaurus

Reptilia - Titanosauridae

Taxonomy
Titanosaurus was named by Lydekker (1877). It is the type genus of Titanosaurinae, Titanosauroidea.

It was synonymized subjectively with Camarasaurus by Cope (1878); it was considered a nomen dubium by Wilson and Upchurch (2003).

It was assigned to Ornithopsidae by Lydekker (1887); to Dinosauria by Lydekker (1877), Lydekker (1879), Lydekker (1883) and Lydekker (1887); to Morosauridae by Depéret (1900), Gautier (1901), Huene (1908), Huene (1908), Arldt (1909), Huene (1909), von Zittel (1911) and Bataller (1960); to Cetiosauridae by Lydekker (1888), Depéret (1896) and Tatarinov (1964); to Sauropoda by Zittel (1890), Ameghino (1900), Joleaud (1922) and Campbell (1966); to Atlantosauridae by Bonaparte (1978); to Titanosaurinae by Nopcsa (1928), Young (1937), Romer (1956), Bonaparte and Bossi (1967), Steel (1970), Swinton (1970), Russell et al. (1976), Kues et al. (1980), Coombs and Molnar (1981), Sanz (1986), Casanovas et al. (1987) and Bonaparte (1996); to Titanosauridae by Lydekker (1885), Lydekker (1893), Marsh (1895), Marsh (1896), Marsh (1898), Das Gupta (1924), Huene (1927), Huene (1927), Huene (1927), Haughton (1928), Huene (1929), Huene (1929), Stromer (1932), Huene (1933), Swinton (1936), Huene (1941), Hoffet (1942), Gilmore (1946), Romer (1966), Mones (1972), Molnar (1980), Bonaparte and Powell (1980), Bonaparte (1984), Carroll (1988), Lucas and Hunt (1989), McIntosh (1990), McIntosh (1990), Buffetaut (1992), Salgado (1993), Upchurch (1995), Hunt et al. (1995), Jacobs et al. (1996), Chatterjee and Rudra (1996), Loyal et al. (1996), Salgado (1996), McIntosh (1997), Blows (1998), Prasad and Sahni (1999), Salgado and Azpilicueta (2000), Mohabey (2001), Calvo and González Riga (2003) and Powell (2003); and to Lithostrotia by Upchurch et al. (2004) and Otero and Reguero (2013).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1877Titanosaurus Lydekker pp. 38-39
1879Titanosaurus Lydekker p. 20
1883Titanosaurus Lydekker p. 86
1885Titanosaurus Lydekker p. 37
1887Titanosaurus Lydekker p. 78
1888Titanosaurus Lydekker p. 134
1890Titanosaurus Zittel p. 716
1893Titanosaurus Lydekker p. 3
1893Titanosaurus nanus Lydekker pp. 8-9 figs. Pl. 3:1, 3
1895Titanosaurus Marsh
1896Titanosaurus nanus Ameghino p. 89
1896Titanosaurus madagascariensis Depéret pp. 181-188 figs. 2, Pl. 4:1-3
1896Titanosaurus Depéret p. 184
1896Titanosaurus madagascariensis Depéret p. 485
1896Titanosaurus Marsh p. 242
1897Titanosaurus madagascariensis Gautier p. 192
1898Titanosaurus Marsh p. 158
1900Titanosaurus Ameghino p. 216
1900Titanosaurus nanus Ameghino p. 216
1900Titanosaurus Depéret p. 639
1901Titanosaurus Gautier p. 115
1907Titanosaurus madagascariensis Thevenin p. 13
1908Titanosaurus madagascariensis Fraas p. 117
1908Titanosaurus Huene p. 297
1909Titanosaurus Arldt p. 262
1909Titanosaurus Huene p. 14
1911Titanosaurus von Zittel p. 287
1922Titanosaurus Joleaud p. 61
1924Titanosaurus Das Gupta p. 164
1927Titanosaurus Huene p. 126
1927Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Huene p. 267
1927Titanosaurus Huene p. 469
1928Titanosaurus Haughton pp. 72-73
1928Titanosaurus Nopcsa p. 184
1929Titanosaurus Huene p. 86
1929Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Huene p. 91
1929Titanosaurus Huene p. 495
1932Titanosaurus madagascariensis Stromer p. 5
1932Titanosaurus Stromer p. 16
1933Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Anonymous p. 338
1933Titanosaurus Huene p. 70
1933Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Huene and Matley p. 39
1936Titanosaurus Swinton p. 211
1937Titanosaurus Young p. 22
1941Titanosaurus Huene p. 90
1942Titanosaurus Hoffet p. 53
1942Titanosaurus falloti Hoffet p. 53 figs. 1-2
1946Titanosaurus Gilmore p. 30
1956Titanosaurus Romer p. 622
1957Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Lapparent p. 110
1960Titanosaurus Bataller p. 159
1963Titanosaurus madagascariensis Furon p. 362
1964Titanosaurus Tatarinov p. 545
1966Titanosaurus Campbell p. 165
1966Titanosaurus Romer p. 370
1967Titanosaurus Bonaparte and Bossi p. 38
1970Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Steel p. 76
1970Titanosaurus Steel p. 77
1970Titanosaurus nanus Steel p. 77
1970Titanosaurus Swinton p. 183
1972Titanosaurus Mones p. 29
1976Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Russell et al.
1976Titanosaurus Russell et al.
1977Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Obata and Kanie p. 162
1978Titanosaurus Bonaparte p. 555
1980Titanosaurus Bonaparte and Powell p. 26
1980Titanosaurus Kues et al. p. 867
1980Titanosaurus Molnar p. 137
1981Titanosaurus Coombs, Jr. and Molnar p. 356
1984Titanosaurus Bonaparte p. 139
1984Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Sahni p. 442
1984Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Taquet p. 79
1986Titanosaurus Sanz p. 85
1987Titanosaurus Casanovas et al. p. 100
1987Titanosaurus rahioliensis Mathur and Srivastava p. 564 figs. 3-8
1988Titanosaurus Carroll
1989Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Jain p. 101
1989Titanosaurus Lucas and Hunt p. 82
1990Titanosaurus McIntosh p. 57
1990Titanosaurus madagascariensis McIntosh p. 350
1990Titanosaurus McIntosh pp. 394-395
1990Titanosaurus falloti McIntosh p. 395
1992Titanosaurus Buffetaut p. 133
1992Titanosaurus madagascariensis Casanovas Cladellas p. 148
1993Titanosaurus Salgado p. 267
1995Titanosaurus Hunt et al. pp. 265-266
1995Titanosaurus Upchurch p. 380
1996Titanosaurus Bonaparte p. 103
1996Titanosaurus nanus Bonaparte p. 103
1996Titanosaurus Chatterjee and Rudra p. 514
1996Titanosaurus Jacobs et al. p. 600
1996Titanosaurus Loyal et al. p. 629
1996Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Mohabey p. 367
1996Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Mohabey and Udhoji p. 354
1996Titanosaurus Salgado p. 358
1997Titanosaurus madagascariensis Currie and Padian p. 369
1997Titanosaurus McIntosh p. 658
1997Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Sahni p. 364
1998Titanosaurus Blows p. 34
1999Titanosaurus Prasad and Sahni p. 379
1999Titanosaurus madagascariensis Prasad and Sahni p. 379
2000Titanosaurus Salgado and Azpilicueta p. 259
2001Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Mohabey p. 482
2001Titanosaurus Mohabey p. 482
2003Titanosaurus Calvo and González Riga fig. 4
2003Titanosaurus Powell p. 22
2003Titanosaurus madagascariensis Salgado p. 442
2004Titanosaurus Upchurch et al. p. 270
2005Laplatasaurus madagascariensis Mohabey p. 469
2007Titanosaurus madagascariensis Malkani
2013Titanosaurus Otero and Reguero p. 9

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
RankNameAuthor
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Eusaurischia
Sauropodomorpha(Huene 1932)
Massopoda
Sauropodiformes
Sauropoda()
Eusauropoda
Neosauropoda
Macronaria
Titanosauriformes
Somphospondyli
Titanosauria
familyTitanosauridae
EutitanosauriaSanz et al. 1999
Lithostrotia
genusTitanosaurus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available