Nyrany (Carboniferous of Czech Republic)

Also known as Humboldt Mine, Krimice Mine, Nýřany, Nyrschan, Nürschan

Where: Pilsen, Czech Republic (49.7° N, 13.2° E: paleocoordinates 0.9° N, 20.1° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Nýřany Member (Kladno Formation), Westphalian D (309.8 - 307.5 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: lacustrine; coal

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: cast, mold/impression

Collection methods: ČGH = Národni Muzeum (National Musuem), Prague, Czech Republic

•MP = Natural History Musuem, Pilzen

•NMW = Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (Natural Histroy Museum, Vienna), Austria

Primary reference: R. L. Carroll and D. Baird. 1972. Carboniferous Stem-Reptiles of the Family Romeriidae. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 143(5):321-363 [J. Mueller/T. Liebrecht]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 84835: authorized by Johannes Mueller, entered by Torsten Liebrecht on 14.11.2008, edited by Emma Dunne, Richard Butler, Bethany Allen and Sophie Fasey

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes
 Aeduelliformes - Aeduellidae
Spinarichthys dispersus21 Fritsch 1895
 Palaeonisciformes - Sceletophoridae
Sceletophorus verrucosus21 Fritsch 1895
 Tetrapoda -
Solenodonsaurus janenschi n. gen. n. sp.3
Solenodonsaurus janenschi n. gen. n. sp.3 Broili 1924 tetrapod
MB. Am. 989.1 (holotype); MB. Am. 988; MB. Am. 990.1 (formerly MB. 1901.1380); MB. Am. 991.1 (formerly MB. 1898.1038); UMZC T 693 (formerly DMSW R15). (MB = Museum of Natural History, Berlin. UMZC = University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge, UK)
 Aistopoda - Oestocephalidae
"Ophiderpeton granulosum n. sp." = Oestocephalus granulosum9, Oestocephalus amphiuminum2
"Ophiderpeton granulosum n. sp." = Oestocephalus granulosum9 Fritsch 1880 tetrapod
CGH (Orig. 130) (Holotype; mid body region, vertebrae, ribs, and scales)
Oestocephalus amphiuminum2 Cope 1868 tetrapod
NMW 1894-2327, NMW 1899.IX.34, UMMP 22277 (galvanotype of NMP M442), UMMP 22274 (galvanotype of NMP M455)
 Aistopoda - Phlegethontiidae
"Dolichosoma longissimum n. sp." = Phlegethontia longissima14, "Phlegethontia longissima" = Phlegethontia longissima1, Dolichosoma scutiferum n. sp.22
"Dolichosoma longissimum n. sp." = Phlegethontia longissima14 Fritsch 1875 tetrapod
ČGH 129 (type)
"Phlegethontia longissima" = Phlegethontia longissima1 Fritsch 1875 tetrapod
NMW 1896 II 34
Dolichosoma scutiferum n. sp.22 Fritsch 1901 tetrapod
CGH Orig. 235 (holotype), almost complete skeleton
 Tetrapoda - Gephyrostegidae
Gephyrostegus bohemicus n. gen. n. sp.4 Jaekel 1902 tetrapod
(type, ?unnumbered specimen)
Gephyrostegus watsoni n. sp.4 Brough and Brough 1967 tetrapod
DMSW B 65 (type)
Amniota
  -
Amniota indet. amniote
MB 1901.1379; "without cranial material, not even the order to which this specimen belongs can be established with certainty"
Reptilia
 Eureptilia - Protorothyrididae
Hylonomus acuminatus n. sp.22, Coelostegus prothales n. gen. n. sp., Brouffia orientalis n. gen. n. sp.
Hylonomus acuminatus n. sp.22 Fritsch 1883 eureptile
CGH unnumbered (holotype), maxilla and lower jaw
Coelostegus prothales n. gen. n. sp. Carroll and Baird 1972 eureptile
ČGH 3027 (type); referred to as "Gephyrostegus bohemicus specimen II" by Brough & Brough (1967)
Brouffia orientalis n. gen. n. sp. Carroll and Baird 1972 eureptile
ČGH III B.21.C.587; MP 451 (part and counterpart of type); referred to as "Gephyrostegus bohemicus specimen I" by Brough & Brough (1967)
Osteichthyes
 Recumbirostra - Gymnarthridae
Sparodus validus n. gen. n. sp.7
Sparodus validus n. gen. n. sp.7 Fritsch 1876 amniote
CGH 2084 (Holotype, skull showing palate and lower jaws)
 Synapsida - Ophiacodontidae
Archaeothyris sp.17 Reisz 1972 ophiacodont
ČGH 272
 Tetrapoda - Eogyrinidae
Diplovertebron punctatum n. gen. n. sp.8
Diplovertebron punctatum n. gen. n. sp.8 Fritsch 1879 tetrapod
CGH Orig 96 (lectotype) pelvis (Fritsch (1889) Plate 52, fig. 2); CGH Orig. 128
 Baphetoidea - Baphetidae
Loxomma bohemicum n. sp.22 Fritsch 1889 tetrapod
CGH 3509 (neotype), skull
Baphetes orientalis n. sp.16 Milner et al. 2009 tetrapod
NMP M1338 (GH 3509) (Holotype; small skull). The counterpart was figured by Broili (1908) but was probably destroyed in 1944
Amphibia
 Temnospondyli -
Capetus palustris n. gen. n. sp.18, Potamochoston limnaios n. gen. n. sp.22
Capetus palustris n. gen. n. sp.18 Steen 1938 tetrapod
BMNH R.4706 (Holotype: posterior skull table)
Potamochoston limnaios n. gen. n. sp.22 Steen 1938 tetrapod
CGH 271 (holotype), skull with postcranial remains
 Temnospondyli - Amphibamidae
Platyrhinops fritschi n. sp.19 Werneburg 2012 tetrapod
NHMW-1938/32/27b (Holotype: posterior part of skull and postcranial skeleton, including a very large manus and an extensive scapulocoracoid)
 Temnospondyli - Branchiosauridae
Branchiosaurus salamandroides n. gen. n. sp.7 Fritsch 1875 tetrapod
NMP332/M1167 (Lectotype: complete skeleton designated by Milner (1986)), NMP-M356 (previous lectotype designated by Werneburg (1987))
 Temnospondyli - Trematopidae
Mordex calliprepes n. gen. n. sp.22
Mordex calliprepes n. gen. n. sp.22 Steen 1938 tetrapod
R. 2817 (holotype), dorsal surface of a skull
 Temnospondyli - Micromelerpetidae
Nyranerpeton amilneri n. gen. n. sp.23, Limnerpeton obtusatum n. sp.22, Limnerpeton modestum n. sp.22, "Limnerpeton elegans n. sp." = Limnogyrinus elegans10
Nyranerpeton amilneri n. gen. n. sp.23 Werneburg 2012 tetrapod
NHMW-1898/X/21 (Holotype; well preserved skull (7mm) and partial postcranial skeleton. Fritsch (1883), pl. 1, Fig. 2), figured by Carroll et al. (1999) as Branchiosaurus salamandroides)
Limnerpeton obtusatum n. sp.22 Fritsch 1883 tetrapod
CGH Orig. 236 (holotype), poorly preserved skeleton
Limnerpeton modestum n. sp.22 Fritsch 1883 tetrapod
CGH Orig. 15 (holotype), lower jaw, scale and palatal bone
"Limnerpeton elegans n. sp." = Limnogyrinus elegans10 Fritsch 1881 tetrapod
NMP 477, skull table and disarticulated postcranial skeleton. Many additional specimens
 Temnospondyli -
Macromerium bayeri n. sp.22 Fritsch 1875 tetrapod
CGH unnumbered (holotype), fragments of vertebrae, ribs, pelvis, skull, scales
Sparagmites lacertinus n. sp.22 Fritsch 1889 tetrapod
CGH Orig. 52; CGH Orig. 80
 Temnospondyli - Cochleosauridae
"Cochleosaurus bohemicus n. gen. n. sp." = Cochleosaurus bohemicus12, "Nyrania trachystoma n. sp." = Cochleosaurus bohemicus22, "Gaudrya latistoma n. sp." = Cochleosaurus bohemicus22
"Cochleosaurus bohemicus n. gen. n. sp." = Cochleosaurus bohemicus12 Fritsch 1885 tetrapod
NMP M540/M1268 (holotype; part and counterpart of skull)
"Nyrania trachystoma n. sp." = Cochleosaurus bohemicus22 Fritsch 1885 tetrapod
CGH Orig. 312, skull; CGH Orig. 386, skull
"Gaudrya latistoma n. sp." = Cochleosaurus bohemicus22 Fritsch 1885 tetrapod
CGH unnumbered (holotype), impression of the anterior half of a palate
 Lepospondyli -
Orthocosta microscopa n. sp.22 Fritsch 1883 tetrapod
CGH unnumbered (holotype), hind half of a skeleton
Seelya pusilla n. sp.22 Fritsch 1883 tetrapod
CGH unnumbered (holotype), slab and counterpart of complete skeleton
 Microsauria - Ptyoniidae
Lepterpeton sp.22 Wright and Huxley 1866 tetrapod
CGH unnumbered, skull
 Microsauria - Hapsidopareiidae
Ricnodon trachylepis n. sp.22, Ricnodon copei n. gen. n. sp.5, Ricnodon dispersus n. sp.22
Ricnodon trachylepis n. sp.22 Fritsch 1883 tetrapod
CGH Orig. 95 (holotype), vertebrae, a scapula, a rib, phalanges and two types of scales
Ricnodon copei n. gen. n. sp.5 Fritsch 1883 tetrapod
CGH 232 (Holotype, fragmentary skull and post cranial material)
Ricnodon dispersus n. sp.22 Fritsch 1883 tetrapod
CGH Orig. 237 (holotype), scattered skull bones and scales; CGH Orig. 259, skull bones, a scale, a rib and a vertebra
 Microsauria - Tuditanidae
"Ricnodon limnophyes n. sp." = Crinodon limnophyes22
"Ricnodon limnophyes n. sp." = Crinodon limnophyes22 Steen 1938 tetrapod
BM (NH) R.2818 (Holotype; skull preserved as natural cast showing dorsal and palatal surfaces on counterpart blocks. Also: scales, ribs, and element of shoulder girdle.
 Microsauria -
Paramicrobrachis fritschi n. sp.13 Kuhn 1959 tetrapod
 Microsauria - Hyloplesiontidae
"Stelliosaurus longicostatus n. gen. n. sp." = Hyloplesion longicostatum6
"Stelliosaurus longicostatus n. gen. n. sp." = Hyloplesion longicostatum6 Fritsch 1875 tetrapod
CGH 15, National Museum of Prague (Type; counterpart blocks of trunk and anterior caudal region). Many nearly complete skeletons of this taxon are known from Nyrany.
 Microsauria - Microbrachidae
Microbrachis mollis n. sp.22, "Microbrachis pelikani" = Microbrachis pelikani15, "Microbrachis branchiophorus n. sp." = Microbrachis pelikani22
Microbrachis mollis n. sp.22 Fritsch 1883 tetrapod
CGH 3015, Orig. 138 (holotype), partial skull
"Microbrachis pelikani" = Microbrachis pelikani15 Fritsch 1875 tetrapod
NMW 1894-2332, 1898-X-29, 1898-X-33, 1899-IX-10, 1983-32-50, 1983-32-75, 1983-32-80a-b
"Microbrachis branchiophorus n. sp." = Microbrachis pelikani22 Fritsch 1875 tetrapod
CGH 3016, Orig. 53a (holotype), small skull in counterpart
 Nectridea - Urocordylidae
"Urocordylus scalaris n. sp." = Sauropleura scalaris11, "Ptyonius distinctus n. sp." = Sauropleura scalaris22, Urocordylus angustatus22
"Urocordylus scalaris n. sp." = Sauropleura scalaris11 Fritsch 1883 tetrapod
NMP M458 (Holotype: (St. Orig. 195.) Electotype of fragmentary disarticulated specimen consisting of remains of skull, shoulder girdle, ventral scales, and dorsal and caudal vertebrae. By original designation)
"Ptyonius distinctus n. sp." = Sauropleura scalaris22 Fritsch 1883 tetrapod
CGH 3010 (holotype), complete skeleton except part of tail
Urocordylus angustatus22 Fritsch 1883 tetrapod
St. 60 (Orig. 145) (lectotype), skull [the fronto-parietal featured by Fritsch is probably not associated with this skull]
 Nectridea - Scincosauridae
Scincosaurus crassus n. gen. n. sp.7
Scincosaurus crassus n. gen. n. sp.7 Fritsch 1875 tetrapod
NMP M 460 (Fritsch/Fric cat. no. 91 (orig.2), Lectotype: imperfect skull and almost complete skeleton in counterpart. Lectotype designated from the syntypic series figured by Fritsch (1881))
Osteichthyes
 Actinopterygii - Haplolepidae
Pyritocephalus sculptus n. gen. n. sp.20
Pyritocephalus sculptus n. gen. n. sp.20 Frič 1875 ray-finned fish
NMP M 1201 (lectotype)
Limnerpeton laticeps
  -
"Limnerpeton laticeps n. sp." = Mattauschia laticeps19
"Limnerpeton laticeps n. sp." = Mattauschia laticeps19 Fritsch 1881
NMP 470/471 (Fritsch orig. 94; Syntype: skull in ventral aspect and partial postcranial skeleton in part and counterpart. now Lectotype for Mordex laticeps)