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Araneae (spider)

Xiphosura - Xiphosurida

Taxonomy
Araneae was named by Clerck (1757). It is extant.

It was assigned to Tetrapulmonata by Shultz (2007); to Arachnida by Lamarck (1801), Scudder (1890) and Selden (2012); and to Serikodiastida by Garwood and Dunlop (2014).

Subtaxa
Amaurobius faustus, Amaurobius rimosus, Amaurobius spinimanus, Amphiclotho, Amphithomisus, Anatone, Anatone marginata, Anatone spinipes, Araneaovoius, Archaea incomta, Archaea sphinx, Athera, Athera exilis, Atocatle, Auximus fossilis, Auximus succini, Cercidiella, Clubiona eseri, Clubiona latifrons, Clubionella, Clythia, Clythia alma, Clythia gracilenta, Clythia leptocarena, Corynitoides (syn. Corynitis), Corynitoides spinosa, Corynitoides undulata, Dielacata, Dielacata superba, Drassus oblongus, Dysdera glabrata, Dysdera hippopodium, Dysdera scobiculata, Eocryphoeca distincta, Eocryphoeca fossilis, Eometa aberrans, Eometa robusta, Epeira eogena, Epeiridion, Epeiridion femoratum, Eresoides, Erithus, Erithus applanatus, Ero coronata, Ero exculpta, Ero quadripunctata, Ero setulosa, Eyukselus (syn. Propetes), Eyukselus argutus, Eyukselus felinus, Eyukselus griseus, Eyukselus latifrons, Eyukselus pumilus, Herselioides, Heteromma intersecta, Idmonia, Idmonia virginea, Laterigradae, Melanophora lepida, Melanophora nitida, Memoratrix, Memoratrix rydei, Mesothelae, Micaria ovata, Micaria squamata, Micaria tenuis, Micryphantes globulus, Micryphantes turritus, Miropholcus, Miropholcus heteropus, Mizalia truncata, Mygale, Ocypete angustifrons, Ocypete marginata, Onca, Onca lepida, Onca pumila, Opisthophylax, Opisthothelae, Paralycosa (syn. Protolycosa), Perturbator, Perturbator corniger, Phalangopus, Phalangopus subtilis, Philodromus griseus, Philodromus redrogradus, Philodromus reptans, Prodysdera, Protochersis, Protolachesis, Pseudothomisus, Pythonissa bipunctata, Pythonissa discophora, Pythonissa glabra, Pythonissa villosa, Retitelariae, Saltigradae, Schellenbergia, Segestria exarata, Segestria undulata, Siga, Siga crinita, Spheconia, Spheconia brevipes, Syphax hirtus, Thomisus matutinus, Thyelia pectinata, Thyelia spinosa, Timeropus (syn. Lycosoides), Tubitelariae, Zilla cornumana, Zilla spinipalpa

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1757Araneae Clerck
1801Araneae Lamarck
1854Ero setulosa Koch and Berendt p. 31 figs. Pl 4, fig 20
1854Clythia Koch and Berendt p. 45
1854Clythia alma Koch and Berendt p. 45 figs. Pl 5, fig 35
1854Amaurobius rimosus Koch and Berendt p. 56 figs. Pl 6, fig 46
1854Amaurobius faustus Koch and Berendt p. 57 figs. Pl 6, fig 47
1854Phalangopus subtiles Menge
1854Archaea incomta Menge p. 22
1854Archaea sphinx Menge p. 22
1854Epeira eogena Menge p. 24
1854Epeiridion Menge p. 24
1854Epeiridion femoratum Menge p. 24
1854Onca Menge p. 24
1854Onca lepida Menge p. 24
1854Onca pumila Menge p. 24
1854Siga Menge p. 27
1854Siga crinita Menge p. 27
1854Zilla cornumana Menge p. 27
1854Zilla spinipalpa Menge p. 27
1854Corynitis spinosa Menge p. 30
1854Corynitis undulata Menge p. 30
1854Ero coronata Menge p. 33
1854Ero exculpta Menge p. 33
1854Ero quadripunctata Menge p. 33
1854Micryphantes globulus Menge p. 40
1854Micryphantes turritus Menge p. 40
1854Mizalia truncata Menge p. 45
1854Clythia gracilenta Menge p. 46
1854Clythia leptocarena Menge p. 46
1854Thyelia pectinata Menge p. 56
1854Thyelia spinosa Menge p. 56
1854Amaurobius spinimanus Menge p. 58
1854Pythonissa bipunctata Menge p. 60
1854Pythonissa discophora Menge p. 60
1854Pythonissa glabra Menge p. 60
1854Pythonissa villosa Menge p. 60
1854Melanophora lepida Menge p. 63
1854Melanophora nitida Menge p. 63
1854Macaria orata Menge p. 64
1854Macaria squamata Menge p. 64
1854Macaria tenuis Menge p. 64
1854Clubiona latifrons Menge p. 69
1854Drassus oblongus Menge p. 69
1854Erithus Menge p. 69
1854Erithus applanatus Menge p. 69
1854Dysdera glabrata Menge p. 74
1854Dysdera hippopodium Menge p. 74
1854Dysdera scobiculata Menge p. 74
1854Segestria exarata Menge p. 74
1854Segestria undulata Menge p. 74
1854Syphax hirtus Menge p. 81
1854Anatone Menge p. 84
1854Anatone marginata Menge p. 84
1854Anatone spinipes Menge p. 84
1854Philodromus redrogradus Menge p. 84
1854Philodromus reptans Menge p. 84
1854Ocypete angustifrons Menge p. 85
1854Ocypete marginata Menge p. 85
1854Propetes Menge p. 93
1854Propetes argutus Menge p. 93
1854Propetes felinus Menge p. 93
1854Propetes griseus Menge p. 93
1854Propetes latifrons Menge p. 93
1854Propetes pumilus Menge p. 93
1854Athera Menge p. 94
1854Athera exilis Menge p. 94
1854Dielacata Menge p. 94
1854Dielacata superba Menge p. 94
1854Idmonia Menge p. 94
1854Idmonia virginea Menge p. 94
1854Phalangopus Menge p. 94
1854Phalangopus subtiles Menge p. 94
1854Spheconia Menge p. 94
1854Spheconia brevipes Menge p. 94
1856Heteromma intersecta Menge p. 8
1856Philodromus griseus Menge p. 9
1856Thomisus matutinus Menge p. 9
1865Clubiona eseri Heer p. 356 fig. 213
1890Araneides Scudder p. 48
1942Memoratrix rydei Petrunkevitch
1942Miropholcus Petrunkevitch p. 195
1942Miropholcus heteropus Petrunkevitch p. 195 figs. 300-307, 613
1942Auximus succini Petrunkevitch p. 216 figs. 57-58, 527
1942Myro fossilis Petrunkevitch p. 232 figs. 584, 360-367
1942Memoratrix Petrunkevitch p. 336
1942Memoratrix rydei Petrunkevitch p. 337 figs. 589, 212-218
1942Dysdera scobiculata Petrunkevitch p. 442 fig. 59,60,529
1950Auximus fossilis Petrunkevitch p. 272 figs. 25-28, 185
1950Eocryphoeca distincta Petrunkevitch p. 277 figs. 40-49, 198
1958Auximus succini Petrunkevitch figs. 27-30
1958Eometa aberrans Petrunkevitch
1958Eometa robusta Petrunkevitch
1958Memoratrix rydei Petrunkevitch p. 226 figs. 266-269
1958Eometa aberrans Petrunkevitch p. 236 figs. 289-296
1958Eometa robusta Petrunkevitch p. 239 figs. 297-305
1971Perturbator Petrunkevitch p. 14
1971Perturbator corniger Petrunkevitch p. 14 figs. Pl 1, C; text-figs 29-41
2004Succinero setulosa Wunderlich p. 1262
2007Eyukselus Ozdikmen p. 140
2007Eyukselus felinus Ozdikmen p. 141
2007Araneae Shultz
2009Corynitoides Dunlop and Jekel
2012Araneae Selden
2014Araneae Garwood and Dunlop p. 23

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
subphylumChelicerataHeymons 1901
EuchelicerataWeygoldt and Paulus 1979
Prosomapoda
classXiphosura()
RankNameAuthor
orderXiphosuridaLatreille 1802
Planaterga
Dekatriata
SclerophorataKamenz et al. 2011
classArachnidaLamarck 1801
Pantetrapulmonata
subclassTetrapulmonataSchultz 1990
Serikodiastida
orderAraneae
orderAraneae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available