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Pinnipedia (pinniped)

Mammalia - Carnivora

Taxonomy
Pinnipedia was named by Illiger (1811). It is extant.

It was reranked as the suborder Pinnipedia by Flower (1883), Lydekker (1885), Cope (1889), Flower and Lydekker (1891), Ameghino (1897), Hay (1902), Gregory (1910), Zittel (1925), Weber (1928), Ginsburg and Janvier (1971), Kurten and Anderson (1980), Kovacs and Lavigne (1986), Tomida (1989), Vidal (1991), Ginsburg and Janvier (1999), Adam (2004) and Boessenecker and Churchill (2016); it was reranked as the infraorder Pinnipedia by Deméré (1994); it was synonymized subjectively with Phocoidea by McKenna and Bell (1997); it was reranked as the unranked clade Pinnipedia by Ameghino (1889), Kellogg (1922), Berta et al. (1989), Berta (1994), Kohno et al. (1995), Kohno (1996), Rice (1998), Berta (2002), Deméré et al. (2003), Berta et al. (2006), Kohno and Ray (2008), Berta (2009), Fulton and Strobeck (2010), Valenzuela-Toro et al. (2015) and Berta (2017).

It was assigned to Pinnata by Bonaparte (1850); to Unguiculata by Ameghino (1889); to Sarcobora by Ameghino (1897); to Mammalia by Illiger (1811), Trouessart (1898), Trouessart (1904) and Abel (1919); to Ferae by Gregory (1910) and Kellogg (1922); to Eutheria by Nowak (1991); to Arctoidea by Kohno et al. (1995) and Kohno (1996); to Ursida by Rice (1998); to Pinnipediformes by Berta (1994), Berta (2002), Deméré et al. (2003) and Berta (2009); to Carnivora by Flower (1883), Lydekker (1885), Cope (1889), Flower and Lydekker (1891), Hay (1902), Zittel (1925), Weber (1928), Ginsburg and Janvier (1971), Kurten and Anderson (1980), Kovacs and Lavigne (1986), Tomida (1989), Vidal (1991), Deméré (1994), Ginsburg and Janvier (1999), Adam (2004), Kohno and Ray (2008) and Boessenecker and Churchill (2016); and to Pinnipedimorpha by Berta et al. (1989), Berta et al. (2006), Fulton and Strobeck (2010), Valenzuela-Toro et al. (2015) and Berta (2017).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1811Pinnipedia Illiger p. 138
1850Pinnipedia Bonaparte p. 1
1869Phoca modesta Leidy p. 415
1880Squalodon modestus Allen p. 470
1883Pinnipedia Flower p. 186
1885Pinnipedia Lydekker p. 196
1889Pinnipedia Ameghino p. 342
1889Pinnipedia Cope p. 876
1891Pinnipedia Flower and Lydekker p. 91
1897Pinnipedia Ameghino p. 501
1898Pinnipedia Trouessart p. 369
1902Pinnipedia Hay p. 584
1902Squalodon modestus Hay p. 589
1904Pinnipedia Trouessart p. 279
1910Pinnipedia Gregory p. 465
1919Pinnipedia Abel p. 747
1922Pinnipedia Kellogg p. 101
1923Phoca modesta Kellogg p. 26
1925Pinnipedia Zittel p. 78
1928Pinnipedia Weber p. 342
1930Phoca modesta Hay p. 564
1971Pinnipedia Ginsburg and Janvier p. 162
1980Pinnipedia Kurten and Anderson p. 200
1986Pinnipedia Kovacs and Lavigne p. 1
1989Pinnipedia Berta et al. p. 61 figs. Fig. 3
1989Pinnipedia Tomida p. 110
1991Pinnipedia Nowak
1991Pinnipedia Vidal p. 6
1994Pinnipedia Berta p. 25 figs. Fig. 21
1994Pinnipedia Deméré p. 113
1995Pinnipedia Kohno et al. p. 113
1996Pinnipedia Kohno p. 389
1998Pinnipedia Rice
1999Pinnipedia Ginsburg and Janvier p. 170
2002Pinnipedia Berta p. 923
2003Pinnipedia Deméré et al. p. 49 figs. Fig. 3.3
2004Pinnipedia Adam p. 1
2006Pinnipedia Berta et al. p. 492
2008Pinnipedia Kohno and Ray p. 44
2009Pinnipedia Berta p. 863
2010Pinnipedia Fulton and Strobeck p. 817 figs. Figure 1
2015Pinnipedia Valenzuela-Toro et al. p. 4
2016Pinnipedia Boessenecker and Churchill
2017Pinnipedia Berta p. 155

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
RankNameAuthor
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
superfamilyArctoideaFlower 1869
Pinnipedimorpha
Pinnipedia()
Pinnipedia()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available