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Magnoliopsida - Proteales

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1829Proteales Jussieu
1994Nelumbonales Upchurch et al.
2000Nelumbonales Mabberley
2000Proteales Mabberley
2008Proteales Taylor et al. p. 1029
2009Proteales The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group

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classMagnoliopsidaCronquist et al. 1996
EudicotDoyle and Hotton 1991
orderProtealesJussieu 1829
orderProtealesJussieu 1829

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
No ecological data are available

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Early/Lower Albian to the top of the Holocene or 112.03000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 109.0 Ma

Collections (820 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Canada (British Columbia) Sapindopsis magnifolia (31384)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5USA (South Dakota) Platanus cissoides (34868)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Antarctica Proteacidites parvus (150878)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5USA (Wyoming) Sapindopsis variabilis (34839 34865)
Early/Lower Cretaceous - Late/Upper Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0Antarctica (Antarctic peninsula) Beaupreaidites indet., Peninsulapollis indet. (172746)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Canada (Alberta) Sapindopsis angusta (24839 24842) Sapindopsis angusta, Sapindopsis belviderensis (24838)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Kansas) Platanus sp. (34726) Sapindopsis brevifolia (102716) Sapindopsis brevifolia, Sapindopsis belviderensis, Sapindopsis magnifolia (102722) Sapindopsis brevifolia, Sapindopsis belviderensis, Sapindopsis magnifolia, Sapindopsis variabilis (102720 102992) Sapindopsis magnifolia (102713) Sapindopsis magnifolia, Sapindopsis variabilis (102714 102718 102991) Sapindopsis type A, Sapindopsis type B, Sapindopsis brevifolia, Sapindopsis belviderensis (29018) Sapindopsis variabilis (102721 102723 102724)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Wyoming) Sapindopsis magnifolia (102758) Sapindopsis schultzii, Sapindopsis belviderensis, Sapindopsis magnifolia (102759)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Canada (British Columbia) Sapindopsis angusta (24895) Sapindopsis angusta, Platanus sp. (24892)
Albian - Cenomanian113.0 - 93.9Sudan (Sotuh Kurdufan) Echitriporites irregularis (145152)
Albian - Cenomanian113.0 - 93.9USA (Alaska) Platanaceae indet. (34621) Platanaceae indet., Platanus sp. (34390) Platanus louravetlanica, Platanus sp. (34623)
Albian - Cenomanian113.0 - 93.9Russian Federation Platanaceae indet., Platanus louravetlanica (34778) Platanus louravetlanica (34627 34791 34793 34801 34802 34804) Platanus sp. (34774)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0USA (Virginia) Platanaceae indet., Sapindopsis cf. magnifolia/variabilis, Nelumbites extenuinervis, Nelumbites minimus, Sapindopsis minutifolia (20897)
Early/Lower Albian - Middle Albian112.03 - 105.3Canada (British Columbia) Sapindopsis sp. (136786 136798)
Early/Lower Albian - Middle Albian112.03 - 105.3USA (Virginia) Platanocarpus brookensis, Aquia brookensis (31520) Platanocarpus brookensis, Aquia brookensis, Sapindopsis sp. (28407)
Early/Lower Albian - Late/Upper Albian112.03 - 99.6USA (Utah) Proteales indet. (121692)
Middle Albian - Late/Upper Albian109.0 - 99.6USA (Virginia) Sapindopsis obtusifolia, Platanophyllum crassinerve (106317)
Middle Albian - Late/Upper Albian109.0 - 99.6USA (Wyoming) Sapindopsis sp., Platanophyllum sp. (31186)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6USA (Wyoming) Sapindopsis schultzii, Nelumbo weymouthii (31174)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6USA (Maryland) Platanocarpus elkneckensis, Hamatia elkneckensis (28365) Platanocarpus marylandensis, Platananthus potomacensis (28408)