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Muricidae (murex snail)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Muricidae

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1815Muricidae Rafinesque
1904Muricidae Martin p. 203
1931Muricidae Olsson p. 105
1938Muricidae Turner p. 80
1964Muricidae Sohl p. 370
1970Muricidae Addicott p. 76
1974Muricidae Abbott pp. 170, 171
1976Muricidae Givens and Kennedy p. 969
1984Muricidae Squires p. 30
1987Muricidae Ward and Blackwelder p. 132
1988Muricidae Ponder and Warén p. 304
1989Muricidae Vokes p. 24
1990Muricidae Beu et al.
1992Muricidae Ward p. 120
1995Muricidae Chiesa et al. p. 55
1996Muricidae Houart p. 12
1998Muricidae Beesley p. 820
2000Muricidae DeVries p. 43
2001Muricidae Harzhauser and Mandic p. 707
2001Muricidae Todd
2001Muricidae Wienrich p. 468
2002Muricidae Harzhauser p. 93
2002Muricidae Merle and Pacaud p. 22
2004Muricidae Harzhauser p. 135
2005Muricidae Bouchet et al. p. 255
2010Muricidae Landau and Marques da Silva p. 61

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
subclassProsobranchiaMilne-Edwards 1848
superorderCaenogastropodaCox 1959
orderNeogastropodaThiele 1929
superfamilyMuricoideade Costa 1776
familyMuricidaeRafinesque 1815
familyMuricidaeRafinesque 1815

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: epifaunalf
Diet: carnivoref
Vision: limitedc
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: Predatory carnivore according to Todd (2001).f
Created: 2009-09-10 08:22:24
Modified: 2009-09-10 10:22:24
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Aptian to the top of the Holocene or 125.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 122.46 Ma

Collections (2015 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46Switzerland Murex prestensis (2175 2232)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Germany Sipho schrammeni (67184)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Switzerland Murex carinella, Murex sabaudianus, Murex bilineatus (2237)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Hungary Tritonalia urgonense (74891)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0United Kingdom (England) Sipho gaultinus (1864)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6United Kingdom (England) Murex calcar (6280 51673)
Late/Upper Albian - Cenomanian105.3 - 93.9Madagascar Rapa cancellata (98219)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Germany Murex pleurotomoides (66779)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6South Africa (Eastern Cape) Trophon umzambiensis (47109)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (North Carolina) Lowenstamia liratus (7612)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Delaware) Ecphora sp. (6135)
Early/Lower Campanian - Middle Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Mississippi) Ecphora proquadricostata, Sargana stantoni (32141) Lowenstamia funiculus, Sargana stantoni (6660) Sargana stantoni (32139 32140 32142)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Delaware) Sargana sp. (6171 6174)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Tennessee) Ecphora proquadricostata, Sargana stantoni, Lowenstamia liratus (7515)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) Sargana stantoni (7442 7481 7482)
Middle Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) Sargana sp., Ecphora proquadricostata (7513)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Sargana sp. (4380)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Mississippi) Ecphora proquadricostata, Sargana stantoni (7600) Sargana stantoni (7597)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Texas) Sargana stantoni (7483)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Alabama) Sargana stantoni (83239)