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Goniasteridae

Asteroidea - Valvatida - Goniasteridae

Taxonomy
Goniasteridae was named by Forbes (1841) [Initial spelling "Goniasteriae" modified by Perrier (1875)]. It is extant. Its type is Goniaster. It was considered monophyletic by Gale (1987) and paraphyletic by Gale (2011) and Mah and Blake (2012).

It was assigned to Granulosina by Spencer and Wright (1966) and Hess (1972); to Neoasteroidea by Donovan et al. (1993); to Goniasteroidea by Eagle (1999); to Tripedicellaria by Gale (2011); and to Valvatida by Perrier (1884), Gale (1987), Blake and Jagt (2005), Breton and Néraudeau (2008), Villier (2008), Blake (2010), Villier (2010), Gale (2011) and Mah and Blake (2012).

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Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1841Goniasteridae Forbes p. 77
1850Pentetagonaster d'Orbigny p. 90
1884Goniasteridae Perrier p. 231
1966Goniasteridae Spencer and Wright p. U56
1972Goniasteridae Hess p. 11
1987Goniasteridae Gale p. 125
1993Goniasteridae Donovan et al. p. 129
1999Goniasteridae Eagle p. 551
2005Goniasteridae Blake and Jagt p. 185
2008Goniasteridae Breton and Néraudeau p. 329
2008Goniasteridae Villier p. 152
2010Goniasteridae Blake p. 184
2010Goniasteridae Villier p. 708
2011Goniasteridae Gale p. 59
2012Goniasteridae Mah and Blake p. 3

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumAsterozoa
RankNameAuthor
classAsteroidea
subclassAmbuloasteroidea
infraclassNeoasteroidea()
superorderValvatacea
orderValvatida
familyGoniasteridae
familyGoniasteridae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
M.K. Eagle 1999Pentagonal to narrowly stellate forms generally with large disc; marginals well differentiated, opposite, normally without odd interradial marginals; plates on both oral and aboral surfaces in close contact; aboral plates flat to tumid, tabulate or paxilliform, with or without spines or granules; pedicellariae most commonly alveolate or valvate.